Research: Care Delivery
The effect of insulin intensification in children and young persons with Type 1 diabetes differs in relation to ethnic group; a prospective observational study
Article first published online: 17 MAR 2013
© 2012 The Authors. Diabetic Medicine © 2012 Diabetes UK
Volume 30, Issue 4, pages 495–501, April 2013
How to Cite
Diabet. Med. 30, 495–501 (2013)
- Issue published online: 17 MAR 2013
- Article first published online: 17 MAR 2013
- Accepted manuscript online: 21 SEP 2012 09:19AM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 16 SEP 2012
We prospectively evaluated the effect of insulin intensification on glycaemic control and lipid levels in children and young persons with Type 1 diabetes in relation to ethnicity.
In the first 2 years of a 3-year observation period, as part of routine clinical care, 231 children and young persons (40% white, 28% South Asian, 32% black) from a single clinic were offered intensive insulin therapy. After 2 years, 222 were on intensive therapy and their data were compared between ethnic groups at the end of year 3.
We observed ethnic differences in HbA1c levels during the study [study beginning and end: white children and young persons 77 and 70 mmol/mol (9.2 and 8.6%) vs. South Asian 72 and 68 mmol/mol (8.7 and 8.4%) vs. black 83 and 79 mmol/mol (9.7 and 9.4%), P-value for ANCOVA = 0.007]. By study end, South Asians had the lowest HDL cholesterol (2.0 vs. 1.4 vs. 1.6 mmol/l, P-value = 0.03) and highest triglyceride levels (0.9 vs. 1.8 vs. 1.0 mmol/l, P-value = 0.001). In linear mixed modelling, after adjustment for socio-economic deprivation and other covariates: (1) black ethnicity was associated with poorer glycaemic control (P < 0.001) and (2) South Asian ethnicity was associated with higher triglyceride levels (P < 0.001), independent of HbA1c.
The effect of insulin intensification on glycaemic control and lipid profile in children and young persons with Type 1 diabetes differs in relation to ethnic group.