Deprivation and ethnicity impact on diabetes control and use of treatment regimen

Authors


Abstract

Aims

Deprivation and/or ethnicity impact on care delivery. We have assessed how these factors influence diabetes care in a paediatric clinic.

Methods

We related access to care [type of insulin treatment regimen—twice daily, multiple daily injections and insulin pump therapy (continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion)], measures of care process (HbA1c) and an approximate measure of satisfaction with the service (clinic attendance rate) in 325 (170 male) children and young people with Type 1 diabetes (mean age 10.6 years, mean duration of diabetes of 4.5 years), with indices of deprivation and ethnicity.

Results

Of the 325 children and young people, 2.7% received twice-daily insulin, 48.4% multiple daily injections and 48.9% continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion. Median clinic HbA1c was 62 mmol/mol (7.8%) and those receiving the insulin pump therapy had the lowest HbA1c. Four ethnic groups were represented; White British 81.6%, Asian non-Indian 6.5%, African 8.1% and Asian Indian 3.8%. Mean deprivation score was 21.06. White British and Asian Indian groups were more likely to receive insulin pump therapy (χ2 = 50.3; P < 0.001). Attendance rates were 94.1% and did not differ across ethnic groups. Deprivation was related to ethnicity and HbA1c (R2 = 0.02; P = 0.02). There was no relationship between clinic attendance and deprivation. Insulin regimen and ethnicity were associated with HbA1c (R2 = 0.096; P < 0.001). Similar findings were obtained when analysis was confined to the White British population.

Conclusions

These data suggest that deprivation and ethnicity influence diabetes control and how intensive insulin therapy is utilized. A better consideration of the needs of different ethnic groups is required to ensure equitable care delivery in paediatric diabetes.

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