Diabetic Medicine

Cover image for Vol. 30 Issue 9

September 2013

Volume 30, Issue 9

Pages 1013–1146

  1. Editor's Selection: This Month's Highlighted Articles

    1. Top of page
    2. Editor's Selection: This Month's Highlighted Articles
    3. Commentary
    4. Review Articles
    5. Research Articles
    6. Letter
  2. Commentary

    1. Top of page
    2. Editor's Selection: This Month's Highlighted Articles
    3. Commentary
    4. Review Articles
    5. Research Articles
    6. Letter
    1. The National Pregnancy in Diabetes Audit: measuring the quality of diabetes pregnancy care (pages 1014–1016)

      H. R. Murphy, R. Bell, R. I. G. Holt, M. Maresh, D. Todd, J. Hawdon, B. Young, N. Holman, R. Hillson, N. Lewis-Barned and on behalf ofthe National Pregnancy in Diabetes Audit Steering Group

      Version of Record online: 18 AUG 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/dme.12277

  3. Review Articles

    1. Top of page
    2. Editor's Selection: This Month's Highlighted Articles
    3. Commentary
    4. Review Articles
    5. Research Articles
    6. Letter
    1. Pioglitazone and risk of bladder cancer: a meta-analysis of controlled studies (pages 1026–1032)

      M. Ferwana, B. Firwana, R. Hasan, M. H. Al-Mallah, S. Kim, V. M. Montori and M. H. Murad

      Version of Record online: 18 AUG 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/dme.12144

  4. Research Articles

    1. Top of page
    2. Editor's Selection: This Month's Highlighted Articles
    3. Commentary
    4. Review Articles
    5. Research Articles
    6. Letter
    1. Epidemiology

      Early-pregnancy maternal vitamin D status and maternal hyperglycaemia (pages 1033–1039)

      L. E. Tomedi, H. N. Simhan and L. M. Bodnar

      Version of Record online: 13 JUN 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/dme.12229

      What's new?

      • Our results suggest that smoking status may modify the relationship between poor maternal vitamin D status and maternal hyperglycaemia.
    2. Predictors of large and small for gestational age birthweight in offspring of women with gestational diabetes mellitus (pages 1040–1046)

      R. A. Barnes, N. Edghill, J. Mackenzie, G. Holters, G. P. Ross, B. B. Jalaludin and J. R. Flack

      Version of Record online: 15 MAY 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/dme.12207

      What's new?

      • Unlike the Hyperglycaemia and Adverse Pregnancy Outcome study where no intervention was provided, this study captures the predictors of infant birthweight within an ethnically diverse clinical setting where gestational diabetes mellitus was intensively managed.
      • Use of customized percentile charts that are better able to identify pathologically large or small infants compared with standardized charts that are often used.
      • These results support the need for early dietary intervention aimed at reducing excessive maternal weight gain.
      • The third trimester is not too late to positively impact on birthweight.
    3. Validation of the German Diabetes Risk Score within a population-based representative cohort (pages 1047–1053)

      S. Hartwig, O. Kuss, D. Tiller, K. H. Greiser, M. B. Schulze, J. Dierkes, K. Werdan, J. Haerting and A. Kluttig

      Version of Record online: 23 MAY 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/dme.12216

      What's new?

      • The German Diabetes Risk Score (DRS), developed within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) Potsdam study, has not been prospectively validated in a representative sample of the general population apart from EPIC.
      • The aim of this study was to validate the DRS in the Cardiovascular Disease – Living and Ageing in Halle (CARLA) study, a population-based cohort with a high response rate, that provides a more representative sample than the EPIC-Potsdam study.
      • The predictive ability of the DRS observed in the CARLA cohort was consistently lower than in the EPIC cohort, a finding that could reflect cohort differences and model overfit in the EPIC study.
    4. A rightward shift of the distribution of fasting and post-load glucose in northern Sweden between 1990 and 2009 and its predictors. Data from the Northern Sweden MONICA study (pages 1054–1062)

      M. Lilja, M. Eliasson, M. Eriksson and S. Söderberg

      Version of Record online: 23 MAY 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/dme.12208

      What's new

      • A rightward shift was seen along the entire distribution curve for both fasting and post-load glucose, indicating a shift in the entire population, not only in high-risk individuals. This has implications for the planning of diabetes preventive actions in the society.
      • A new finding is that leptin could, on top of traditional risk factors, partly explain the variance in fasting and post-load glucose among men.
    5. Pathophysiology

      Objective measurements of activity patterns in people with newly diagnosed Type 2 diabetes demonstrate a sedentary lifestyle (pages 1063–1066)

      S. L. Cichosz, J. Fleischer, P. Hoeyem, E. Laugesen, P. L. Poulsen, J. S. Christiansen, N. Ejskjær and T. K. Hansen

      Version of Record online: 20 APR 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/dme.12199

      What's new?

      • An accelerometer was used to compare physical activity between people with Type 2 diabetes and a matched group without.
      • Activity patterns in people with newly diagnosed Type 2 diabetes document a sedentary lifestyle compared with well-matched controls.
      • Activity differences between groups remained statistical significant after adjusting for BMI.
    6. Associations between pigment epithelium-derived factor, insulin resistance and high density lipoprotein (pages 1067–1074)

      S. Pek, S. Tavintharan, K. Woon, J. Niyati, S. C. Lim and C. F. Sum

      Version of Record online: 19 APR 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/dme.12198

    7. Relative contributions of insulin resistance and β-cell dysfunction to the development of Type 2 diabetes in Koreans (pages 1075–1079)

      C.-H. Kim, H.-K. Kim, E. H. Kim, S. J. Bae and J.-Y. Park

      Version of Record online: 19 APR 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/dme.12201

      What's new?

      • This is the largest study in the East Asian population that has analysed the relative contribution of insulin resistance and β-cell dysfunction in the development of Type 2 diabetes.
      • The primary pathogenetic factors for Type 2 diabetes in Koreans are heterogeneous according to BMI.
      • β-cell dysfunction is the predominant defect in subjects with lower BMI, while insulin resistance is the predominant pathogenetic factor in subjects with higher BMI in the development of Type 2 diabetes.
      • Insulin resistance has become the dominant factor in the pathogenesis of Type 2 diabetes in Koreans with recent growing epidemic of obesity.
    8. Treatment

      Enhanced carbohydrate craving in patients with poorly controlled Type 2 diabetes mellitus (pages 1080–1086)

      J. H. Yu, M. S. Shin, D. J. Kim, J. R. Lee, S.-Y. Yoon, S. G. Kim, E. H. Koh, W. J. Lee, J.-Y. Park and M.-S. Kim

      Version of Record online: 14 MAY 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/dme.12209

      What's new?

      • In this study, we found that patients with Type 2 diabetes had increased carbohydrate cravings and reduced fat cravings.
      • Carbohydrate craving in patients with diabetes was significantly associated with poor glycaemic control.
    9. Complications

      Blood pressure levels but not hypertensive complications have increased in Type 1 diabetes pregnancies during 1989–2010 (pages 1087–1093)

      M. M. Klemetti, K. Teramo, M. Nuutila, M. Tikkanen, V. Hiilesmaa and H. Laivuori

      Version of Record online: 4 JUN 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/dme.12224

      What's new?

      • This is the first study to demonstrate increasing blood pressure trends and a lack of second-trimester decrease in blood pressure in normotensive women with Type 1 diabetes during pregnancy.
      • This is the first study to show that a growing proportion of women with Type 1 diabetes meet the American Diabetes Association's criteria for hypertension during pregnancy.
    10. Care Delivery

      Breastfeeding in women with diabetes: lower rates despite greater rewards. A population-based study (pages 1094–1101)

      S. A. Finkelstein, E. Keely, D. S. Feig, X. Tu, A. S. Yasseen III and M. Walker

      Version of Record online: 20 JUN 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/dme.12238

    11. Clinical, metabolic and psychological outcomes and treatment costs of a prospective randomized trial based on different educational strategies to improve diabetes care (PRODIACOR) (pages 1102–1111)

      J. J. Gagliardino, S. Lapertosa, G. Pfirter, M. Villagra, J. E. Caporale, C. D. Gonzalez, J. Elgart, L. González, C. Cernadas, E. Rucci, C. Clark Jr and on behalf of the PRODIACOR

      Version of Record online: 7 JUN 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/dme.12230

    12. Model of care for the management of complex Type 2 diabetes managed in the community by primary care physicians with specialist support: an open controlled trial (pages 1112–1121)

      A. W. Russell, K. A. Baxter, D. A. Askew, J. Tsai, R. S. Ware and C. L. Jackson

      Version of Record online: 28 JUN 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/dme.12251

      What's new?

      • The management of Type 2 diabetes mellitus and its complications is leading to substantial use of health resources and innovative models of care are required to address the burden of diabetes.
      • We assessed the safety, quality and acceptability of an integrated primary/specialist model of complex diabetes care for a disadvantaged urban community with a high number of needs.
      • Management of Type 2 diabetes mellitus can be performed safely and efficiently in the community by general practitioners with advanced skills, supported by the specialist and multidisciplinary team.
      • This model of care should be considered for wider adoption and also for other chronic disease.
    13. Feedback of personal retinal images appears to have a motivational impact in people with non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy and suboptimal HbA1c: findings of a pilot study (pages 1122–1125)

      G. Rees, E. L. Lamoureux, T. E. Nicolaou, L. A. B. Hodgson, J. Weinman and J. Speight

      Version of Record online: 19 APR 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/dme.12192

      What's new?

      • This pilot study is the first trial to examine the impact of visual feedback of retinal images on diabetes outcomes for people with diabetic retinopathy.
      • Using retinal images as part of patient education may provide a powerful motivational tool for use in clinical practice.
    14. Educational and Psychological Issues

    15. Diabetes distress in Type 1 diabetes—a new measurement fit for purpose (pages 1132–1139)

      L. E. Joensen, I. Tapager and I. Willaing

      Version of Record online: 12 JUN 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/dme.12241

      What's new?

      • This study shows the Diabetes Distress Scale (DDS17) and the brief version of DDS17 as valid and clinically useful measures based on a large survey of Danish people with Type 1 diabetes mellitus.
      • This study is the first study to explore the DDS17 in a large European population of people with Type 1 diabetes.
      • Only one study prior to ours has assessed a brief version of DDS17 and only one study prior to ours has explored cut points for DDS17.
    16. Disclosure of psychosocial stressors affecting diabetes care among uninsured young adults with Type 1 diabetes (pages 1140–1144)

      E. A. Pyatak, P. Sequeira, A. L. Peters, L. Montoya and M. J. Weigensberg

      Version of Record online: 25 JUN 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/dme.12248

      What's new?

      • Psychosocial stressors among young adults with low socio-economic status with Type 1 diabetes in a public health system have a moderately strong correlation with glycaemic control (= 0.60) and are hypothesized to contribute to suboptimum diabetes self-care in this population.
      • Approximately half of all known stressors are identified in routine medical care, and approximately two-thirds when a case manager is part of the diabetes care team.
      • Improving strategies for identifying psychosocial stressors, and referring patients for appropriate psychological and social services, may contribute to improved glycaemic control in this population.
  5. Letter

    1. Top of page
    2. Editor's Selection: This Month's Highlighted Articles
    3. Commentary
    4. Review Articles
    5. Research Articles
    6. Letter

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