Heifer-in-trust, Social Protection and Graduation: Conceptual Issues and Empirical Questions

Authors

  • James Sumberg,

    1. Respectively, Research Fellow, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, Brighton, BN1 6SN, UK (j.sumberg@ids.ac.uk) and Centre d'Etudes de Documentation et de Recherche Economiques et Sociales (CEDRES), Burkina Faso.
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  • Gountiéni Damien Lankoandé

    1. Respectively, Research Fellow, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, Brighton, BN1 6SN, UK (j.sumberg@ids.ac.uk) and Centre d'Etudes de Documentation et de Recherche Economiques et Sociales (CEDRES), Burkina Faso.
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Abstract

This article examines the ‘heifer-in-trust’ or ‘livestock-in-kind credit’ model through a social-protection lens. Specifically it seeks to engage with debates about the use of asset-based strategies to support graduation from social protection. Drawing on project experience with dairy goats in Ethiopia and dairy cattle in Tanzania, the article concludes that while the asset-ness of livestock may in principle allow them to make a unique contribution to livelihood transformation and thus graduation, the most obvious target group is least likely to be able to handle the demands and risks associated with livestock assets.

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