Heifer-in-trust, Social Protection and Graduation: Conceptual Issues and Empirical Questions
Version of Record online: 12 APR 2013
© The Authors 2013. Development Policy Review © 2013 Overseas Development Institute.
Development Policy Review
Volume 31, Issue 3, pages 255–271, May 2013
How to Cite
Sumberg, J. and Lankoandé, G. D. (2013), Heifer-in-trust, Social Protection and Graduation: Conceptual Issues and Empirical Questions. Development Policy Review, 31: 255–271. doi: 10.1111/dpr.12006
- Issue online: 12 APR 2013
- Version of Record online: 12 APR 2013
- first submitted August 2011; final revision accepted May 2012
This article examines the ‘heifer-in-trust’ or ‘livestock-in-kind credit’ model through a social-protection lens. Specifically it seeks to engage with debates about the use of asset-based strategies to support graduation from social protection. Drawing on project experience with dairy goats in Ethiopia and dairy cattle in Tanzania, the article concludes that while the asset-ness of livestock may in principle allow them to make a unique contribution to livelihood transformation and thus graduation, the most obvious target group is least likely to be able to handle the demands and risks associated with livestock assets.