The Essex Institutional Review Board and the St. Luke's Roosevelt Hospital Institutional Review Board approved retrospective review of records.
Retrospective Study of the Treatment of Infantile Hemangiomas Using a Combination of Propranolol and Pulsed Dye Laser
Version of Record online: 4 MAR 2013
© 2013 by the American Society for Dermatologic Surgery, Inc. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Volume 39, Issue 6, pages 923–933, June 2013
How to Cite
Reddy, K. K., Blei, F., Brauer, J. A., Waner, M., Anolik, R., Bernstein, L., Brightman, L., Hale, E., Karen, J., Weiss, E. and Geronemus, R. G. (2013), Retrospective Study of the Treatment of Infantile Hemangiomas Using a Combination of Propranolol and Pulsed Dye Laser. Dermatologic Surgery, 39: 923–933. doi: 10.1111/dsu.12158
- Issue online: 5 JUN 2013
- Version of Record online: 4 MAR 2013
Infantile hemangioma (IH) clearance may be slow or incomplete in response to pulsed dye laser (PDL) or propranolol alone.
To evaluate whether IH treated with PDL and propranolol displayed more rapid and complete clearance than IH treated with propranolol alone.
Materials and Methods
Retrospective review of facial-segmental IH treated with propranolol and PDL and controls treated with propranolol was conducted. Blinded physicians used patient photographs to select clearance level and the earliest date of near-complete clearance. Days of propranolol, PDL sessions, and propranolol dose, each until date of near-complete clearance; total days of propranolol; and total propranolol dose were recorded.
Infantile hemangiomas treated concurrently with propranolol and PDL achieved complete clearance (6/12) more often than IH treated with propranolol followed by PDL (2/5) or IH treated with propranolol alone (1/8; difference in clearance scores p = .01) and achieved near-complete clearance after fewer days of propranolol (mean 92 days for concurrent propranolol and PDL vs 288 days for propranolol; p < .001). Cumulative propranolol dose until near-complete clearance was lowest in the concurrent propranolol and PDL group (149.16 vs 401.25 mg/kg for propranolol; p < .001).
Facial-segmental IH treated with propranolol and PDL displayed morerapid and complete clearance and required a lower cumulative propranolol dose to achieve near-complete clearance.