The authors would like to thank Anup Pujari and Vijay Laxmi Pandey from the Ministry of Commerce, Government of India for providing useful information. They are also thankful to the participants at the May 2011 conference of Development Studies Association Scotland for their helpful comments and advice.
Why Developing Countries Have Failed to Increase Their Exports of Agricultural Processed Products
Article first published online: 6 FEB 2013
© 2013 The Authors. Economic Affairs © 2013 Institute of Economic Affairs. Published by Blackwell Publishing, Oxford
Volume 33, Issue 1, pages 48–64, February 2013
How to Cite
Mohan, S., Khorana, S. and Choudhury, H. (2013), Why Developing Countries Have Failed to Increase Their Exports of Agricultural Processed Products. Economic Affairs, 33: 48–64. doi: 10.1111/ecaf.12000
- Issue published online: 6 FEB 2013
- Article first published online: 6 FEB 2013
- agricultural processed products;
- developing countries;
- non-tariff barriers;
- tariff escalation;
- tropical beverages;
- value addition
The article uses the case study of coffee, tea and cocoa to analyse whether tariff escalation constitutes a barrier to market access that thwarts diversification efforts of developing countries into exports of value-added agricultural processed products. It also examines the extent to which non-tariff barriers act as market access barriers that constrain developing countries from developing their exports of agricultural processed products. Our analysis shows that tariff escalation is not the main barrier; rather it is the prevalence of non-tariff barriers (including domestic non-tariff barriers) that limits the ability of developing countries to increase their agricultural processed exports. This has important policy implications in terms of the emphasis that trade negotiators and policy planners should place on addressing non-tariff barriers.