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Caregivers' anxiety and self-efficacy in palliative care

Authors

  • K. Mystakidou MD, PhD, Associate Professor,

    Corresponding author
    1. Pain Relief and Palliative Care Unit, Department of Radiology, Areteion Hospital, School of Medicine, University of Athens, Athens
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  • E. Parpa BSc, MA,

    1. Pain Relief and Palliative Care Unit, Department of Radiology, Areteion Hospital, School of Medicine, University of Athens, Athens
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  • I. Panagiotou MD, PhD, Physician,

    1. Pain Relief and Palliative Care Unit, Department of Radiology, Areteion Hospital, School of Medicine, University of Athens, Athens
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  • E. Tsilika BSc, MSc, Health Psychologist,

    1. Pain Relief and Palliative Care Unit, Department of Radiology, Areteion Hospital, School of Medicine, University of Athens, Athens
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  • A. Galanos MSc, PhD, Biostatistician,

    1. Pain Relief and Palliative Care Unit, Department of Radiology, Areteion Hospital, School of Medicine, University of Athens, Athens
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  • A. Gouliamos MD, PhD, Professor, Director

    1. Radiology Department, Areteion Hospital, School of Medicine, University of Athens, Athens, Greece
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Kyriaki Mystakidou, Pain Relief and Palliative Care Unit, Department of Radiology, Areteion Hospital, School of Medicine, University of Athens, 27 Korinthias St., 115 26 Athens, Greece (e-mail: mistakidou@yahoo.com).

Abstract

MYSTAKIDOU K., PARPA E., PANAGIOTOU I., TSILIKA E., GALANOS A. & GOULIAMOS A. (2012) European Journal of Cancer Care22, 188–195

Caregivers' anxiety and self-efficacy in palliative care

This study examined the relationship between caregivers' anxiety supporting a patient with advanced cancer and self-efficacy and their socio-demographic characteristics, and then whether these variables could influence their self-efficacy. One hundred and seven caregivers of advanced cancer patients participated in the study and completed the Greek versions of the State–Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and the General Perceived Self-efficacy Scale (GSE). Significant comparisons were found between State anxiety and female gender (P= 0.009), cohabitation (P= 0.002) and relationship with the patient (P= 0.004); statistically significant associations were found between State, Trait anxiety and self-efficacy scores of caregivers (P < 0.0005 respectively). A multiple regression model (enter method) showed women (P= 0.005), spouses (P= 0.01) and self-efficacy (P= 0.02) as the significant predictors of State anxiety. Furthermore, self-efficacy seemed to be the strongest contributor of trait anxiety (P < 0.0005). Female caregivers and spouses of advanced cancer patients experience more state anxiety levels than men and other caregivers respectively. In addition, caregivers with low self-efficacy are more likely to have elevated anxiety scores than self-efficacious caregivers. These findings can help healthcare professionals focus on some problems common to caregivers of cancer patients and plan appropriate interventions.

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