Possible effects of global environmental changes on Antarctic benthos: a synthesis across five major taxa (pages 453–485)
Jeroen Ingels, Ann Vanreusel, Angelika Brandt, Ana I. Catarino, Bruno David, Chantal De Ridder, Philippe Dubois, Andrew J. Gooday, Patrick Martin, Francesca Pasotti and Henri Robert
Article first published online: 20 FEB 2012 | DOI: 10.1002/ece3.96
Southern Ocean ecosystems are very susceptible to the growing impact of global climate change and other anthropogenic influences. Consequently, there is an urgent need to understand how Southern Ocean marine life will cope with expected future changes. Here, we provide a synthesis of the ability of five important Antarctic benthic taxa (Foraminifera, Nematoda, Amphipoda, Isopoda, and Echinoidea) to cope with predicted major changes in the environment linked to climatic changes. Responses from individual to the taxon-specific community level to these drivers will vary with taxon with likely consequences for ecosystem functioning. Limitations in our current knowledge and understanding of climate change effects on the different levels are discussed.