Echocardiography

Cover image for Vol. 28 Issue 1

January 2011

Volume 28, Issue 1

Pages 1–129, E1–E23

  1. Original Investigations

    1. Top of page
    2. Original Investigations
    3. Review Article
    4. Case Reports
    5. Image Section
    1. Effect of Bisphosphonates on the Progression of Degenerative Aortic Stenosis (pages 1–7)

      Antony Leslie Innasimuthu and William E. Katz

      Article first published online: 29 JUL 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-8175.2010.01256.x

    2. Serum N-Terminal Brain Natriuretic Peptide Indicates Exercise Induced Augmentation of Pulmonary Artery Pressure in Patients with Mitral Stenosis (pages 8–14)

      Kadriye Orta Kilickesmez, Alev Arat Özkan, Okay Abaci, Hakan Camlıca, Cuneyt Kocas, Aysem Kaya, Murat Baskurt, Zerrin Yiğit and Serdar Kucukoğlu

      Article first published online: 24 AUG 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-8175.2010.01273.x

    3. Cardiac Autonomic Function and Global Left Ventricular Performance in Autoimmune Eauthyroid Chronic Thyroiditis: Is Treatment Necessary at the Euthyroid Stage? (pages 15–21)

      Ebru Akgul, Utku Kutuk, Sibel Ertek, Mustafa Cesur, Sengul Cehreli, Hasan Fehmi Tore and Gurbuz Erdogan

      Article first published online: 24 JUN 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-8175.2010.01240.x

    4. Two-Dimensional Longitudinal Strain in Patients with Aortic Stenosis Can Be Reliably Acquired at the Bedside without Additional Benefit of Offline Analysis (pages 22–28)

      Timothy A. Beaver, Johannes Steiner, Clyde D. Sullivan, Salvatore P. Costa and Robert T. Palac

      Article first published online: 6 OCT 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-8175.2010.01275.x

    5. Assessment of Aortic Stiffness in Marfan Syndrome Using Two-Dimensional and Doppler Echocardiography (pages 29–37)

      Anatoli Kiotsekoglou, James C. Moggridge, Samir K. Saha, Venediktos Kapetanakis, Malini Govindan, Francisco Alpendurada, Michael J. Mullen, John Camm, George R. Sutherland, Bart H. Bijnens and Anne H. Child

      Article first published online: 4 JAN 2011 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-8175.2010.01241.x

    6. Impaired Transport Function of the Left Atrium in Patients with Lone Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation (pages 44–51)

      Seung Yong Shin, Hong Euy Lim, Un Jung Choi, Cheol Ung Choi, Seong Hwan Kim, Jin Won Kim, Eung Ju Kim, Seung-Woon Rha, Chang Gyu Park, Hong Seog Seo, Dong Joo Oh, Chol Shin and Young-Hoon Kim

      Article first published online: 22 DEC 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-8175.2010.01271.x

    7. Long-Term Exposure to Biomass Fuel and Its Relation to Systolic and Diastolic Biventricular Performance in Addition to Obstructive and Restrictive Lung Diseases (pages 52–61)

      Ramazan Kargin, Feyza Kargin, Halil Mutlu, Yunus Emiroglu, Selcuk Pala, Mustafa Akcakoyun, Soe Moe Aung, Reha Baran and Nihal Ozdemir

      Article first published online: 24 AUG 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-8175.2010.01278.x

    8. Fragmented QRS Complexes Are Associated with Cardiac Fibrosis and Significant Intraventricular Systolic Dyssynchrony in Nonischemic Dilated Cardiomyopathy Patients with a Narrow QRS Interval (pages 62–68)

      Yelda Basaran, Kursat Tigen, Tansu Karaahmet, Iclal Isiklar, Cihan Cevik, Emre Gurel, Cihan Dundar, Selcuk Pala, Kamran Mahmutyazicioglu and Ozcan Basaran

      Article first published online: 5 JUL 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-8175.2010.01242.x

    9. Chronic Effect of Right Ventricular Pacing on Left Ventricular Rotational Synchrony in Patients with Complete Atrioventricular Block (pages 69–75)

      Masahiko Hara, Masami Nishino, Masayuki Taniike, Nobuhiko Makino, Hiroyasu Kato, Yasuyuki Egami, Ryu Shutta, Hitoshi Yamaguchi, Jun Tanouchi and Yoshio Yamada

      Article first published online: 29 JUL 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-8175.2010.01257.x

    10. Short-Axis 2D Strain from Speckle Tracking Predicts Echocardiographic Response to Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy (pages 76–84)

      Nigel J. Artis, David L. Oxborough, Karen M. Birch, Gordon Williams, Lip-Bun Tan and Christopher B. Pepper

      Article first published online: 22 DEC 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-8175.2010.01276.x

    11. Continuing Medical Education Program in Echocardiography (page 92)

      Pohoey Fan, Ko Ichihashi, Asami Sato, Hirohiko Shiraishi and Mariko Momoi

      Article first published online: 23 JAN 2011 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-8175.2010.01362.x

    12. Deciphering the Mysteries of Crisscross Heart by Transthoracic Echocardiography (pages 104–108)

      Fang Fang, Zhi-An Li, Ya Yang, Chun-Hua Zheng and Yat-Yin Lam

      Article first published online: 29 JUL 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-8175.2010.01248.x

    13. Right Atrial Size Relates to Right Ventricular End-Diastolic Pressure in an Adult Population with Congenital Heart Disease (pages 109–116)

      Doan Hoa Do, Judith Therrien, Ariane Marelli, Giuseppe Martucci, Jonathan Afilalo and Igal A. Sebag

      Article first published online: 22 DEC 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-8175.2010.01277.x

  2. Review Article

    1. Top of page
    2. Original Investigations
    3. Review Article
    4. Case Reports
    5. Image Section
    1. Echocardiographic Evaluation of Calcific Aortic Stenosis in the Older Adult (pages 117–129)

      Ayodeji Adegunsoye, Mallika Mundkur, Navin C. Nanda and Fadi G. Hage

      Article first published online: 4 JAN 2011 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-8175.2010.01363.x

  3. Case Reports

    1. Top of page
    2. Original Investigations
    3. Review Article
    4. Case Reports
    5. Image Section
    1. Online only

      3D Echocardiographic Delineation of Mitral-Aortic Intervalular Fibrosa Pseudoaneurysm Caused by Bicuspid Aortic Valve Endocarditis (pages E1–E4)

      Stefano Caselli, Giuseppe Mazzesi, Luigi Tritapepe, Antonio Barretta, Natesa G. Pandian, Luciano Agati and Francesco Fedele

      Article first published online: 24 JUN 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-8175.2010.01229.x

      We report the clinical case of a 25-year-old white man with bicuspid aortic valve endocarditis complicated by a pseudoaneurysm of the mitral-aortic intervalvular fi brosa. Although two-dimensional echocardiography was helpful in identifying this complication, three-dimensional imaging provided a better defi nition of the pathology, precisely delineating the lesions and addressing the cardiac surgeon in choosing the most appropriate operating strategy.

    2. Ostial Left Main Stenosis Due to Takayasu Arteritis: Multimodality Imaging and Surgical Ostioplasty (pages E5–E8)

      Neeraj Bansal, Nan Wang, Daniel Choo and Ramesh C. Bansal

      Article first published online: 22 DEC 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-8175.2010.01243.x

      Takayasu's arteritis is an inflammatory process, involving larger blood vessels—namely the aorta and its branches. The majority of these patients present with symptoms of vascular obstruction. We report a case of a 38-year-old Chinese female who presented with 1 month history of angina pectoris as the initial manifestation. Coronary angiography showed 99% ostial left main coronary stenosis. The diagnosis was fi rst suspected in the operating room by TEE and subsequently supported by laboratory studies and aortic biopsy. The technique of myocardial revascularization was altered and she underwent patch ostioplasty of the left main coronary artery and aortic valve repair to correct aortic regurgitation.

    3. Dynamic Circle Image in Left Ventricle Outflow Tract (pages E9–E11)

      Hekim Karapinar, Zekeriya Kaya, Soe Moe Aung, Yusuf Karavelioğlu, Hasan Kaya, Cevat Kirma and Ali Metin Esen

      Article first published online: 24 JUN 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-8175.2010.01219.x

      A 46-year-old man presented with a complaint of effort dyspnea. On transthoracic echocardiography a circle appeared in LVOT. It was seen freely fl oating, disappearing in every systole and appearing again in diastole. Turbulence was seen inside the circle with color Doppler. Transesophageal echocardiography showed aortic cusps and their coaptation to be normal. Aortic root diameters were normal at the annulus, sinus of Valsalva, and sinotubular junction. There were no signs of dissection, infective endocarditis or abscess. But as the probe was advanced, left sinus of Valsalva was found to be prolapsed, and ruptured into LVOT.

    4. Live Three-Dimensional Transesophageal Echocardiography in an Unusual Case of Aorto-Left Ventricular Tunnel with a Large Interventricular Septal Aneurysm (pages E12–E15)

      Chung-Yi Chang, Ming C. Hsiung, Shen kou Tsai, Jeng Wei, Ching-huei Ou, Yi Cheng Chang, Kuo Chen Lee, Sung-How Sue and Yi-Pen Chou

      Article first published online: 5 JUL 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-8175.2010.01244.x

      Aorto-left ventricular tunnel (ALVT) is a rare congenital malformation. We report an unusual case of ALVT with a large interventricular septal aneurysm causing severe aortic regurgitation and left ventricular outfl ow obstruction diagnosed with real time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (3D TEE). Real time 3D TEE allows for assessment and novel views of complex cardiac abnormalities and can aid in perioperative monitoring.

    5. Pericardial Effusion Masquerading as an Aortic Dissection (pages E16–E18)

      Moneal B Shah and Robert W. W. Biederman

      Article first published online: 29 JUL 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-8175.2010.01252.x

      A 24-year-old woman with a history of recurrent syncope underwent an echocardiogram that was suspicious for an ascending aortic dissection. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging was performed which showed no evidence of aortic dissection. However, it did demonstrate a pericardial effusion that extended to the aortic arch. This case shows how pericardial effusions can simulate the appearance of an aortic dissection because of its extension to the aortic arch.

  4. Image Section

    1. Top of page
    2. Original Investigations
    3. Review Article
    4. Case Reports
    5. Image Section
    1. Online only

      Acute Myocardial Infarction Caused by Sinus of Valsalva Aneurysm (pages E19–E20)

      Franck LaPorte, Christine Selton-Suty, Laurent Bonnemains and Laurent Groben

      Article first published online: 24 AUG 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-8175.2010.01281.x

      We relate the case of a 72-year-old patient who presented with an ST elevation myocardial infarction. Transthoracic echocardiography showed a tricuspid aortic valve and a partially thrombosed anterior sinus of Valsalva aneurysm. Transoesophageal echocardiography confi rmed the presence of a large aneurysm (40 × 50 mm) that was partially thrombosed and protruded into the right ventricle chamber. Magnetic resonance imaging confi rmed Valsalva aneurysm and right ventricular infarction. A coronary CT scan showed complete occlusion of the right coronary artery. So, we hypothesize that inferior myocardial infarction was due to migration of aneurysmal thrombus into the right coronary artery.

    2. Congenital Complete Absence of the Pericardium: A Multimodality Imaging Diagnostic Approach (pages E21–E22)

      Francesca Mantovani, Andrea Barbieri and Maria Grazia Modena

      Article first published online: 8 DEC 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-8175.2010.01295.x

      The complete congenital absence of the pericardium is a rare and benign condition, which often presents a diagnostic dilemma. We reported a case of essentially complete absence of the pericardium with an otherwise normal heart in a 16 year old that was imaged with both transthoracic echocardiography and MRI.

    3. Tamponade Physiology from a Hepatic External Mass (page E23)

      Harish Manyam, Ravi Bhatia, Mithun Chakravarthy, Frank Tilli, Rachel Hughes-Doichev and Robert Biederman

      Article first published online: 24 AUG 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-8175.2010.01282.x

      A 90-year-old female who presented with hypotension and pulsus paradoxus was found to have severe LV systolic dysfunction along with RV compression and collapse from a massive loculated liver cyst.

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