Echocardiography

Cover image for Vol. 30 Issue 2

February 2013

Volume 30, Issue 2

Pages 121–244, E30–E60, i–iv

  1. Original Investigations

    1. Top of page
    2. Original Investigations
    3. Research from the University of Alabama at Birmingham
    4. Review Article
    5. Echo Rounds Section Editor: Edmund Kenneth Kerut, M.D.
    6. Case Reports
    7. Image Section Section Editor: Ivan D'Cruz, M.D.
    8. ISCU News
    9. Announcement of Future Meetings
    1. Matrix Metalloproteinase-2 and -9 Levels in Patients with Dilated Ascending Aorta and Bicuspid Aortic Valve (pages 121–126)

      Okay Abaci, Cuneyt Kocas, Kadriye Orta Kilickesmez, Sinan Uner and Serdar Kucukoglu

      Article first published online: 24 OCT 2012 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12004

    2. Incidence and Predictors of Atrial Septal Defect after Percutaneous Transvenous Mitral Commissurotomy – A Transesophageal Echocardiographic Study of 209 Cases (pages 127–130)

      Chollenahally Nanjappa Manjunath, Arunkumar Panneerselvam, Kikkeri Hemanna Setty Srinivasa, Bhat Prabhavathi, Kapil Rangan, Chandrasekaran Dhanalakshmi and Khandenahally Shankarappa Ravindranath

      Article first published online: 12 DEC 2012 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12025

    3. Efficacy of Various “Classic” Echocardiographic and Laboratory Indices in Distinguishing the “Gray Zone” between Athlete's Heart and Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: A Pilot Study (pages 131–139)

      Efstathios D. Pagourelias, Georgios K. Efthimiadis, Evangelia Kouidi, Paraskevi Zorou, Georgios Giannoglou, Asterios Deligiannis, Vasilis G Athyros, Asterios Karagiannis and Paraschos Geleris

      Article first published online: 20 NOV 2012 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12014

    4. Does Chronic Atrial Fibrillation Induce Cardiac Remodeling? (pages 140–146)

      Therese Fuchs, Elvera L. Baron, Marina Leitman, Oleg Burgsdorf, Amram Torjman and Zvi Vered

      Article first published online: 24 OCT 2012 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12003

    5. Impact of Preserved Myocardial Contractile Function in the Segments Attached to the Papillary Muscles on Reduction in Functional Mitral Regurgitation (pages 147–154)

      Kazuhiro Tatsumi, Hidekazu Tanaka, Toshiya Kataoka, Kazuko Norisada, Tetsuari Onishi, Hiroya Kawai and Ken-ichi Hirata

      Article first published online: 20 NOV 2012 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12024

    6. The Effect of Smoking on Myocardial Performance Index in Middle-Aged Males after First Acute Myocardial Infarction (pages 155–163)

      Ahmet Bacaksiz, Mehmet Kayrak, Mehmet Akif Vatankulu, Selim S. Ayhan, Osman Sonmez, Hakan Akilli, Alpay Aribas, Hatem Ari and Kurtulus Ozdemir

      Article first published online: 21 NOV 2012 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12029

    7. Comparison of Left Atrial Mechanical Function in Nondipper versus Dipper Hypertensive Patients: A Speckle Tracking Study (pages 164–170)

      Göksel Açar, Mustafa Bulut, Kursat Arslan, Elnur Alizade, Birol Ozkan, Gokhan Alici, Ibrahim Halil Tanboga, Mehmet Vefik Yazicioğlu, Mustafa Akcakoyun and Ali Metin Esen

      Article first published online: 20 NOV 2012 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12023

    8. Left Ventricular Rotation and Twist Assessed by Four-Dimensional Speckle Tracking Echocardiography in Healthy Subjects and Pathological Remodeling: a Single Center Experience (pages 171–179)

      Alessio Lilli, Marco Tullio Baratto, Jacopo Del Meglio, Marco Chioccioli, Massimo Magnacca, Enrica Talini, Maria Laura Canale, Rosa Poddighe, Alessandro Comella and Giancarlo Casolo

      Article first published online: 21 NOV 2012 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12026

    9. Continuing Medical Education Activity in Echocardiography (page 190)

      Saad Ahmad, Sabha Bhatti and Yukitaka Shizukuda

      Article first published online: 8 FEB 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12166

    10. CME

    11. Echocardiographic Myocardial Deformation Evaluation of Right Ventricular Function in Comparison with CMRI in Repaired Tetralogy of Fallot: A Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Validation Study (pages 196–202)

      Shubhika Srivastava, Yishay Salem, Samprit Chatterjee, H. Helen Ko, Wyman W. Lai, Ira A. Parness, James C. Nielsen and Irene D. Lytrivi

      Article first published online: 11 JAN 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12103

    12. Echocardiography and Cardiac Magnetic Resonance-Based Feature Tracking in the Assessment of Myocardial Mechanics in Tetralogy of Fallot: An Intermodality Comparison (pages 203–210)

      Asif Padiyath, Paul Gribben, Joseph R. Abraham, Ling Li, Sheela Rangamani, Andreas Schuster, David A. Danford, Gianni Pedrizzetti and Shelby Kutty

      Article first published online: 20 NOV 2012 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12016

  2. Research from the University of Alabama at Birmingham

    1. Top of page
    2. Original Investigations
    3. Research from the University of Alabama at Birmingham
    4. Review Article
    5. Echo Rounds Section Editor: Edmund Kenneth Kerut, M.D.
    6. Case Reports
    7. Image Section Section Editor: Ivan D'Cruz, M.D.
    8. ISCU News
    9. Announcement of Future Meetings
  3. Review Article

    1. Top of page
    2. Original Investigations
    3. Research from the University of Alabama at Birmingham
    4. Review Article
    5. Echo Rounds Section Editor: Edmund Kenneth Kerut, M.D.
    6. Case Reports
    7. Image Section Section Editor: Ivan D'Cruz, M.D.
    8. ISCU News
    9. Announcement of Future Meetings
  4. Echo Rounds Section Editor: Edmund Kenneth Kerut, M.D.

    1. Top of page
    2. Original Investigations
    3. Research from the University of Alabama at Birmingham
    4. Review Article
    5. Echo Rounds Section Editor: Edmund Kenneth Kerut, M.D.
    6. Case Reports
    7. Image Section Section Editor: Ivan D'Cruz, M.D.
    8. ISCU News
    9. Announcement of Future Meetings
    1. A Systematic Three-Dimensional Echocardiographic Approach to Assist Surgical Planning in Double Outlet Right Ventricle (pages 234–238)

      Kuberan Pushparajah, Anna Barlow, Vi-Hue Tran, Owen I. Miller, Vita Zidere, Balu Vaidyanathan and John M. Simpson

      Article first published online: 21 NOV 2012 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12037

  5. Case Reports

    1. Top of page
    2. Original Investigations
    3. Research from the University of Alabama at Birmingham
    4. Review Article
    5. Echo Rounds Section Editor: Edmund Kenneth Kerut, M.D.
    6. Case Reports
    7. Image Section Section Editor: Ivan D'Cruz, M.D.
    8. ISCU News
    9. Announcement of Future Meetings
    1. Online only: These articles can be accessed in the electronic version of this issue at wileyonlinelibrary.com.

      Images in Cardiovascular Medicine: Caseous Calcification of the Mitral Annulus (pages E30–E32)

      Pietro Pugliatti, Maurizio Cusmà Piccione, Giorgio Ascenti, Antonino Germanò, Antonino Recupero, Giuseppe Oreto and Scipione Carerj

      Article first published online: 21 NOV 2012 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12033

      Mini-Abstract

      A 78-year-old woman was admitted to our emergency department for subarachnoid hemorrhage. Since a month ago, she was taking warfarin after diagnosis, on transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE), of a suspected large atrial thrombus. The patient, referred to our institution, was asymptomatic; electrocardiogram showed sinus rhythm. TTE revealed an echo dense spherical mass located in the mitral periannular posterior region. Transesophageal echocardiography and cardiac computed tomography confirmed a calcified round mass with central areas of echolucency-like liquefaction. The mass was diagnosed as caseous calcification of the mitral annulus (CCMA), often misconstrued as thrombus, tumor, or abscess and leading to unnecessary investigations or interventions.

    2. Inverted Left Atrial Appendage Masquerading as a Cardiac Mass (pages E33–E35)

      Ming Chern Leong, Haifa Abdul Latiff, Chee Chin Hew, Siti Laura Mazlan and Hanif Osman

      Article first published online: 8 NOV 2012 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12044

      Mini-Abstract

      An inverted left atrial appendage is a rare phenomenon post cardiac surgery. The lesion presents as an additional mass in the left atrium, which would trigger unnecessary concerns and a battery of tests. The lesion can be easily diagnosed using echocardiography. We report a case of inverted left atrial appendage and the echocardiographic pictures, which aims to improve the awareness of sonographers toward this rare but possible post operative lesion.

    3. Transient Symptomatic Severe Mitral Regurgitation after Electric Cardioversion of Atrial Fibrillation (pages E36–E38)

      Tomoe Stampfli, Simon Monnard and Hajo Müller

      Article first published online: 27 NOV 2012 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12055

      Mini-Abstract

      After electric cardioversion (EC), several cases of cardiac stunning with cardiogenic shock have been reported. Several hypotheses have been proposed, including stunning of the left ventricle (LV) and modifications in the LV conformation that could lead to severe mitral regurgitation (MR). We report two cases of cardiogenic shock with transient severe MR after EC for atrial fibrillation (AF). In some patients, flash pulmonary edema seems to be due to transient severe functional MR. An ischemic origin with papillary muscle dysfunction due to transient low perfusion could be advocated.

    4. Multimodality Imaging of Mitral Perivalvular Abscess with Annular Fistula and Preserved Leaflet Function (pages E39–E43)

      Eric H. Yang, Charles Lanks and Sonia Shah

      Article first published online: 12 NOV 2012 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12035

      Mini-Abstract

      A devastating complication of both native and prosthetic valvular infective endocarditis can involve periannular extension, which is associated with increased perioperative mortality and long-term adverse outcomes. Cardiac imaging, both noninvasive and invasive, is essential to accurately identify the extent and complexity of these infections to perform effective surgical interventional strategies. We present the case of a 62-year-old woman who was found to have a perivalvular mitral valve abscess with an annular fistula without evidence of mitral valve leaflet involvement on histopathology, diagnosed by 3-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography, computed tomography, and left ventriculography.

    5. Utilizing Three-Dimensional Echocardiography in Cardioscopic Left Ventricular Myxoma Resection (pages E44–E46)

      George Nijmeh, Antone Tatooles and Allan Zelinger

      Article first published online: 21 NOV 2012 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12032

      Mini-Abstract

      A 31-year-old female presented with right-sided stroke symptoms. She was found to have a left ventricular (LV) mass on transthoracic echocardiogram. Subsequent transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE) with concurrent 3-dimensional (3D) imaging revealed a 2-cm mobile mass, suspicious for a myxoma, attached to the anteroseptal LV wall. Given the size and location of the mass seen on the 3D images, the cardiothoracic surgeons chose to avoid resection via aortotomy or ventriculotomy and instead performed video-assisted cardioscopic resection of the LV mass via left atriotomy. The mass was successfully removed, and pathology confirmed that it was a myxoma.

    6. The Effects of Serum Potassium and Magnesium Levels in a Patient with Gitelman's Syndrome on the Timing of Ventricular Wall Motion and the Pattern of Ventricular Strain and Torsion (pages E47–E50)

      Mustafa Yildiz, Banu Sahin Yildiz, Suleyman Karakoyun, Sinem Cakal, Alparslan Sahin and Nazire Baskurt Aladag

      Article first published online: 21 NOV 2012 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12034

      Mini-Abstract

      Gitelman's syndrome is a primary renal tubular hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis. Hypokalemia and hypomagnesemia can cause cardiac tissue excitability and conduction. Global ventricular mechanical function is directly related to the contractile properties of cardiac myocytes, which are largely dependent on the flow of ions such as potassium and magnesium. Here, we show that increased levels of potassium, in addition to magnesium, in a patient with Gitelman's syndrome significantly impacts the timing of ventricular wall motion and the pattern of ventricular strain and torsion. Two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography was used for evaluation of the hypokalemic–hypomagnesemic period (first day) and third day after potassium chloride and magnesium replacement therapy. The transthoracic echocardiography showed that the percent ejection fraction was similar in hypokalemic–hypomagnesemic (63%) and normokalemic–normomagnesemic (after potassium and magnesium therapy, 67%) hearts. However, decreased left ventricular apical 4-chamber peak systolic longitudinal strain, left ventricle global peak systolic strain, and global torsion values increased after potassium chloride and magnesium replacement therapy.

  6. Image Section Section Editor: Ivan D'Cruz, M.D.

    1. Top of page
    2. Original Investigations
    3. Research from the University of Alabama at Birmingham
    4. Review Article
    5. Echo Rounds Section Editor: Edmund Kenneth Kerut, M.D.
    6. Case Reports
    7. Image Section Section Editor: Ivan D'Cruz, M.D.
    8. ISCU News
    9. Announcement of Future Meetings
    1. Online only: These articles can be accessed in the electronic version of this issue at wileyonlinelibrary.com.

      Diastolic Mitral Regurgitation in 2:1 Atrioventricular Block: Insight of the Diastolic Pressure (pages E51–E52)

      Gonenc Kocabay, Diletta Peluso, Denisa Muraru, Sabino Iliceto and Luigi P. Badano

      Article first published online: 8 NOV 2012 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12047

      Mini-Abstract

      We present a 74-year-old man with a history of hypertension presented to the emergency room with shortness of breath and dizziness. A resting electrocardiogram showed 2:1 atrioventricular block with a wide QRS duration and a rhythm of 35 beats/min. Transthoracic echocardiography was performed and color flow Doppler, color M-mode, and continuous-wave Doppler recordings of the transmitral flow revealed retrograde flow into the left atrium after the blocked P-wave, which indicate holodiastolic mitral regurgitation.

    2. Myocardial Infarction in a 4-Year-Old Child: Role of Echocardiography in Diagnosis (pages E53–E55)

      Saktheeswaran Mahesh Kumar, Venkateshwaran Subramanian and Kavassery Mahadevan Krishnamoorthy

      Article first published online: 27 NOV 2012 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12059

      Mini-Abstract

      Kawasaki disease which is the most common acquired heart disease in developed countries causes coronary arterial aneurysms in 20% of untreated patients. Instead of presenting with the classical Kawasaki disease features these patients may present with angina, breathlessness, myocardial infarction, and sudden death. Echocardiography helps in early diagnosis.

    3. Mitral Flexible Annuloplasty Band Displacement: The Role of Three-Dimensional Echocardiography (pages E56–E58)

      Salvatore Scandura, Anna Caggegi, Valeria Cammalleri, Sergio Monaco, Giuseppe Ronsivalle, Andrea Arcidiacono, Carmelo Mignosa and Corrado Tamburino

      Article first published online: 12 DEC 2012 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12045

      Mini-Abstract

      We describe a patient with mitral flexible annuloplasty band displacement. The diagnosis was made performing a comprehensive echocardiographic assessment. Compared with two-dimensional echocardiography, real time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (3D-TEE) provided additional information and diagnostic utility, allowing an accurate evaluation of the underlying pathology. Using 3D-TEE, we were able to exactly define the site, size, and shape of the detachment and to detect the precise anatomical relation existing between the displaced band and the surrounding cardiac structures. Therefore, real time 3D-TEE can be considered of great assistance to the cardiac surgeon, being an effective tool in planning appropriate intervention.

    4. Demonstration of Right Ventricular Volume Assessment by Three-Dimensional Speckle-Tracking Echocardiography in an Infant with Surgically Palliated Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome (A Case from the MAGYAR-Path Study) (pages E59–E60)

      Péter Domsik, Anita Kalapos, Márta Katona, Tamás Forster and Attila Nemes

      Article first published online: 8 NOV 2012 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12046

      Mini-Abstract

      Hypoplastic left heart syndrome is one of the most severe forms of congenital heart disease, and despite surgical palliation, a major morbidity is progressive right ventricular failure. Three-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography is a new, noninvasive method to measure global and regional left ventricular volumes and function through strain analysis in 4 dimensions. In the present case, three-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography was feasible for the evaluation of right ventricular volumes in hypoplastic left heart syndrome.

  7. ISCU News

    1. Top of page
    2. Original Investigations
    3. Research from the University of Alabama at Birmingham
    4. Review Article
    5. Echo Rounds Section Editor: Edmund Kenneth Kerut, M.D.
    6. Case Reports
    7. Image Section Section Editor: Ivan D'Cruz, M.D.
    8. ISCU News
    9. Announcement of Future Meetings
    1. ISCU News (pages i–ii)

      Article first published online: 8 FEB 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12167

  8. Announcement of Future Meetings

    1. Top of page
    2. Original Investigations
    3. Research from the University of Alabama at Birmingham
    4. Review Article
    5. Echo Rounds Section Editor: Edmund Kenneth Kerut, M.D.
    6. Case Reports
    7. Image Section Section Editor: Ivan D'Cruz, M.D.
    8. ISCU News
    9. Announcement of Future Meetings
    1. Announcement of Future Meetings (pages iii–iv)

      Article first published online: 8 FEB 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12168

SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION