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Echocardiography

Cover image for Vol. 31 Issue 1

January 2014

Volume 31, Issue 1

Pages i–iii, 1–122, E1–E36

  1. ISCU News

    1. Top of page
    2. ISCU News
    3. Editorials
    4. Original Investigations
    5. Research from or in Collaboration with the University of Alabama at Birmingham
    6. Review Articles
    7. ECHO Rounds Section Editor: Edmund Kenneth Kerut, M.D.
    8. Doppler Hemodynamics
    9. Case Reports Section Editor: Brian D. Hoit, M.D.
    10. Image Section Editor: Brian D. Hoit, M.D.
    11. Letters to the Editor
    12. Announcement of Future Meetings
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      ISCU News (pages i–ii)

      Article first published online: 3 JAN 2014 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12494

  2. Editorials

    1. Top of page
    2. ISCU News
    3. Editorials
    4. Original Investigations
    5. Research from or in Collaboration with the University of Alabama at Birmingham
    6. Review Articles
    7. ECHO Rounds Section Editor: Edmund Kenneth Kerut, M.D.
    8. Doppler Hemodynamics
    9. Case Reports Section Editor: Brian D. Hoit, M.D.
    10. Image Section Editor: Brian D. Hoit, M.D.
    11. Letters to the Editor
    12. Announcement of Future Meetings
    1. You have free access to this content
    2. You have free access to this content
  3. Original Investigations

    1. Top of page
    2. ISCU News
    3. Editorials
    4. Original Investigations
    5. Research from or in Collaboration with the University of Alabama at Birmingham
    6. Review Articles
    7. ECHO Rounds Section Editor: Edmund Kenneth Kerut, M.D.
    8. Doppler Hemodynamics
    9. Case Reports Section Editor: Brian D. Hoit, M.D.
    10. Image Section Editor: Brian D. Hoit, M.D.
    11. Letters to the Editor
    12. Announcement of Future Meetings
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      The Normal Impact of Age and Gender on Right Heart Structure and Function (pages 5–11)

      Michael Henein, Anders Waldenström, Stellan Mörner and Per Lindqvist

      Article first published online: 4 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12289

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      Left Ventricular Mass and Hypertrophy by Echocardiography and Cardiac Magnetic Resonance: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (pages 12–20)

      Anderson C. Armstrong, Ola Gjesdal, André Almeida, Marcelo Nacif, Colin Wu, David A. Bluemke, Lyndia Brumback and João A. C. Lima

      Article first published online: 10 AUG 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12303

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      Determinants of Functional Mitral Regurgitation Severity in Patients with Ischemic Cardiomyopathy versus Nonischemic Dilated Cardiomyopathy (pages 21–28)

      Dimitrios M. Konstantinou, Klio Papadopoulou, George Giannakoulas, Vasilis Kamperidis, Emmanouela G. Dalamanga, Efthalia Damvopoulou, Despina G. Parcharidou, Theodoros D. Karamitsos and Haralambos I. Karvounis

      Article first published online: 10 AUG 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12304

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      Echocardiographic Estimation of Pulmonary Vascular Resistance in Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension: Utility of Right Heart Doppler Measurements (pages 29–33)

      Yu Xie, Benita M. Burke, Alex Kopelnik, William Auger, Lori B. Daniels, Michael M. Madani, David S. Poch, Nick H. Kim and Daniel G. Blanchard

      Article first published online: 4 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12288

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      The Effect of Different Circadian Blood Pressure Rhythms on Left Ventricular Systolic Dyssynchrony in Patients with Newly Diagnosed Essential Hypertension (pages 34–40)

      Osman Turak, Firat Özcan, İskender Kadife, Ahmet İşleyen, Muhammet Cebeci, Fatma Nurcan Başar, Mehmet Timur Selçuk, Zehra Gölbaşi, Dursun Aras and Sinan Aydoğdu

      Article first published online: 27 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12305

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      Continuing Medical Education Activity in Echocardiography (page 41)

      Pohoey Fan, Dong-Hyuk Cho, Seong-Mi Park, Mi-Na Kim, Su-A Kim, HaeJa Lim and Wan Joo Shim

      Article first published online: 3 JAN 2014 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12493

    7. CME

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      Longitudinal Strain in Friedreich Ataxia: A Potential Marker for Early Left Ventricular Dysfunction (pages 50–57)

      Martin St John Sutton, Bonnie Ky, Sean R. Regner, Kim Schadt, Ted Plappert, Jiwei He, Benjamin D'Souza and David R. Lynch

      Article first published online: 9 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12287

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      Impaired Coronary Flow Reserve in Patients with Indeterminate Form of Chagas’ Disease (pages 67–73)

      Daniel R. Rabelo, Manoel Otávio da Costa Rocha, Márcio V. L. de Barros, José Luiz Padilha da Silva, Timothy C. Tan and Maria C. P. Nunes

      Article first published online: 15 SEP 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12364

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      Transesophageal Echocardiography for Coronary Sinus Imaging in Partially Unroofed Coronary Sinus (pages 74–82)

      Ting Sun, Hong-Wen Fei, Huan-Lei Huang, Ou-Di Chen, Zhi-Chao Zheng, Cao-Jin Zhang and Yue-Shuang Hou

      Article first published online: 30 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12302

  4. Research from or in Collaboration with the University of Alabama at Birmingham

    1. Top of page
    2. ISCU News
    3. Editorials
    4. Original Investigations
    5. Research from or in Collaboration with the University of Alabama at Birmingham
    6. Review Articles
    7. ECHO Rounds Section Editor: Edmund Kenneth Kerut, M.D.
    8. Doppler Hemodynamics
    9. Case Reports Section Editor: Brian D. Hoit, M.D.
    10. Image Section Editor: Brian D. Hoit, M.D.
    11. Letters to the Editor
    12. Announcement of Future Meetings
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      Transthoracic Echocardiographic Detection of Pulmonary Valve Involvement in Löeffler's Endocarditis (pages 83–86)

      Ashok Garg, Navin C. Nanda, Aylin Sungur, Gyarsi Lal Sharma, Kruti Jayesh Mehta and Tuğba Kemaloğlu Öz

      Article first published online: 15 SEP 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12368

  5. Review Articles

    1. Top of page
    2. ISCU News
    3. Editorials
    4. Original Investigations
    5. Research from or in Collaboration with the University of Alabama at Birmingham
    6. Review Articles
    7. ECHO Rounds Section Editor: Edmund Kenneth Kerut, M.D.
    8. Doppler Hemodynamics
    9. Case Reports Section Editor: Brian D. Hoit, M.D.
    10. Image Section Editor: Brian D. Hoit, M.D.
    11. Letters to the Editor
    12. Announcement of Future Meetings
    1. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction and Volumes: It Depends on the Imaging Method (pages 87–100)

      Peter W. Wood, Jonathan B. Choy, Navin C. Nanda and Harald Becher

      Article first published online: 26 NOV 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12331

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      The Importance of Echocardiography in Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (pages 101–110)

      Emine Bilen, Cenk Sari, Tahir Durmaz, Telat Keleş, Nihal A. Bayram, Murat Akçay, Hüseyin M. Ayhan and Engin Bozkurt

      Article first published online: 12 SEP 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12369

  6. ECHO Rounds Section Editor: Edmund Kenneth Kerut, M.D.

    1. Top of page
    2. ISCU News
    3. Editorials
    4. Original Investigations
    5. Research from or in Collaboration with the University of Alabama at Birmingham
    6. Review Articles
    7. ECHO Rounds Section Editor: Edmund Kenneth Kerut, M.D.
    8. Doppler Hemodynamics
    9. Case Reports Section Editor: Brian D. Hoit, M.D.
    10. Image Section Editor: Brian D. Hoit, M.D.
    11. Letters to the Editor
    12. Announcement of Future Meetings
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      Heart Failure Following Creation of an Arteriovenous Fistula for Hemodialysis (pages 111–116)

      Bahaa M. Fadel, Abdelmohsen Alhashim, Mohamad Al-Admawi, Odd Bech-Hanssen and Giovanni Di Salvo

      Article first published online: 24 SEP 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12376

  7. Doppler Hemodynamics

    1. Top of page
    2. ISCU News
    3. Editorials
    4. Original Investigations
    5. Research from or in Collaboration with the University of Alabama at Birmingham
    6. Review Articles
    7. ECHO Rounds Section Editor: Edmund Kenneth Kerut, M.D.
    8. Doppler Hemodynamics
    9. Case Reports Section Editor: Brian D. Hoit, M.D.
    10. Image Section Editor: Brian D. Hoit, M.D.
    11. Letters to the Editor
    12. Announcement of Future Meetings
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      Elevated Right Ventricular End-Diastolic Pressure by Doppler Echocardiography—A Case Report (pages 117–119)

      Bahaa M. Fadel, Khaled Al-Mulla, Bader Al-Mahdi and Giovanni Di Salvo

      Article first published online: 19 SEP 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12377

  8. Case Reports Section Editor: Brian D. Hoit, M.D.

    1. Top of page
    2. ISCU News
    3. Editorials
    4. Original Investigations
    5. Research from or in Collaboration with the University of Alabama at Birmingham
    6. Review Articles
    7. ECHO Rounds Section Editor: Edmund Kenneth Kerut, M.D.
    8. Doppler Hemodynamics
    9. Case Reports Section Editor: Brian D. Hoit, M.D.
    10. Image Section Editor: Brian D. Hoit, M.D.
    11. Letters to the Editor
    12. Announcement of Future Meetings
    1. Online only: These articles can be accessed in the electronic version of this issue at wileyonlinelibrary.com.

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      Cardiac Metastasis of a Low-Grade Myofibroblastic Sarcoma (pages E1–E4)

      Muhammed Oylumlu, Abdulkadir Yildiz, Suleyman Ercan, Mustafa Oylumlu and Vedat Davutoglu

      Article first published online: 24 SEP 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12370

      Mini-Abstract

      We present a case of low-grade myofibroblastic sarcoma arising from inguinal region accompanied by cardiac metastasis. A 36-year-old male patient suffering from recurrent inguinal swelling was operated. Initial evaluation mistakenly diagnosed the condition as benign. During follow-up, recurrence of mass revealed a low-grade myofibroblastic sarcoma. Echocardiographic screening in patients with noncardiac myofibroblastic sarcomas may be helpful in detecting silent metastases before development of cardiac symptoms in terms and may offer prognostic information. This is first report of a low-grade myofibroblastic sarcoma to metastasize to myocardium. Cardiac metastasis of a sarcoma might have rapid progression of the disease with fatal course.

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      Value of Serial Echo-Guided Ramp Studies in a Patient with Suspicion of Device Thrombosis after Left Ventricular Assist Device Implantation (pages E5–E9)

      Tomoko S. Kato, Paolo C. Colombo, Nadav Nahumi, Shuichi Kitada, Hiroo Takayama, Yoshifumi Naka, Marco R. Di Tullio, Shunichi Homma, Donna Mancini, Ulrich P. Jorde and Nir Uriel

      Article first published online: 24 SEP 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12379

      Mini-Abstract

      Continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices (CF-LVAD) have become a durable and reliable therapy for patients with heart failure; however, thrombus formation is still one of the main reasons for device malfunction and pump replacement. We recently established a novel approach to optimize CF-LVAD function and diagnose device malfunctions. We describe a case of a 29-year-old woman in whom serial ramp studies were used to diagnose intra-device thrombus after implantation. Anticoagulation was optimized under the guidance of ramp studies until she was successfully transplanted.

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      Flow Mapping Inside a Left Ventricular Aneurism: A Potential Tool to Demonstrate Thrombogenicity (pages E10–E12)

      Daniel Rodriguez Muñoz, José L. Moya Mur, Derly C. Becker Filho, Luis M. Rincon Díaz, Ariana Gonzalez Gómez, Covadonga Fernández-Golfín and José L. Zamorano Gómez

      Article first published online: 18 SEP 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12380

      Mini-Abstract

      We describe the use of vector flow mapping (VFM), a novel echocardiographic technique allowing intracardiac flow visualization, to quantify flow intensity inside a left ventricular aneurysm in a 68-year-old man. VFM successfully identified areas of stagnant flow corresponding to the wall region where a thrombus had been formed.

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      Unique Echocardiographic Markers of Anomalous Origin of the Left Coronary Artery from the Pulmonary Artery (ALCAPA) in the Adult (pages E13–E15)

      Fereshteh Ghaderi, Arash Gholoobi and Aliasghar Moeinipour

      Article first published online: 15 OCT 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12378

      Mini-Abstract

      Late presentation of anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is rare. Herein, we report a 38-year-old male with ALCAPA presenting with exertional syncope. Echocardiography revealed mild left ventricular enlargement, abnormal flow-pattern in the ventricular septum and dilatation of the right coronary artery. Pulsed-wave Doppler echocardiography with sample volume in the coronary ostium showed systolic coronary flow predominancy. This unique echocardiographic finding is characteristic for ALCAPA and can differentiate it from other coronary anomalies. Coronary angiography confirmed the ALCAPA syndrome. Surgical correction was planned.

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      From Atretic to Perforated: A Closer View of Pulmonary Atresia (pages E16–E19)

      Ching-Hui Shen, Chung-Chi Wang, Hsien-Te Fang and Ming-Chih Lin

      Article first published online: 11 OCT 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12355

      Mini-Abstract

      A 7-day-old male infant with membranous pulmonary atresia and intact ventricular septum (PA/IVS) underwent hybrid pulmonary valvotomy. The procedure was performed under the guidance of intra-operative epicardial ultrasonography. After puncturing the atretic pulmonary valve, a 6 mm Wanda balloon catheter was inflated to dilate the atretic valve. Adequate valve movement with antegrade flow was confirmed using real time epicardial echocardiography. Intra-operative epicardial ultrasonography is an effective guiding tool for PA/IVS during hybrid procedures. Epicardial echocardiography imaging provides clear images with excellent quality, helps guide the hybrid surgery, and prevents the need for fluoroscopy.

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      Prenatal Diagnosis and Successful Outcome in Neonate of Aorto-Left Ventricle Tunnel (pages E20–E23)

      Pei-Ni Jone, Max B. Mitchell, David N. Campbell and Eduardo M. da Cruz

      Article first published online: 16 OCT 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12396

      Mini-Abstract

      Prenatal diagnosis of aorto-left ventricular tunnel (ALVT), an abnormal congenital communication between the ascending aorta and the left ventricle, is rare. ALVT can be misdiagnosed as aortic insufficiency on fetal echocardiogram. We present a case of ALVT diagnosed in a fetus who underwent successful neonatal surgical repair.

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      Incremental Value of Three-Dimensional Transthoracic Echocardiography in the Assessment of Ruptured Aneurysm of Anterior Mitral Leaflet (pages E24–E26)

      Sudarshan Kumar Vijay, Bhuwan Chandra Tiwari, Mukul Misra and Sudhanshu Kumar Dwivedi

      Article first published online: 11 OCT 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12356

      Mini-Abstract

      The mitral valve aneurysm is a rare complication of infective endocarditis involving mitral or aortic valve. The perforation of the mitral valve aneurysm can lead to significant mitral regurgitation or thromboembolism. We describe here the advantage of three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography over two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography in the assessment of ruptured mitral valve aneurysm.

  9. Image Section Editor: Brian D. Hoit, M.D.

    1. Top of page
    2. ISCU News
    3. Editorials
    4. Original Investigations
    5. Research from or in Collaboration with the University of Alabama at Birmingham
    6. Review Articles
    7. ECHO Rounds Section Editor: Edmund Kenneth Kerut, M.D.
    8. Doppler Hemodynamics
    9. Case Reports Section Editor: Brian D. Hoit, M.D.
    10. Image Section Editor: Brian D. Hoit, M.D.
    11. Letters to the Editor
    12. Announcement of Future Meetings
    1. Online only: These articles can be accessed in the electronic version of this issue at wileyonlinelibrary.com.

      You have free access to this content
      Double Orifice Mitral Valve in Rheumatic Heart Disease (pages E27–E29)

      Partha P. Choudhury and Vivek Chaturvedi

      Article first published online: 12 SEP 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12381

      Mini-Abstract

      A 55-year-old female, presented to our outpatient department with complaints of dyspnea on exertion, NYHA grade II for 7 years, which had progressed to NYHA Grade III in the past 6 months. An echocardiogram done showed severe mitral stenosis with mitral valve fused in the middle to create an appearance of 2 separate valves (complete bridge type) with 2 separate turbulent jets of flow across these valves. No other congenital anomaly was seen. Due to presence of severe subvalvular disease, she was sent for elective mitral valve replacement. This case demonstrates that a careful analysis of the subvalvular apparatus of the mitral valve is needed before making a decision for definitive treatment of this condition.

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      Altered Mitral Inflow Orifice in Severe Aortic Regurgitation: Real Time Three-Dimensional Echocardiographic Findings (pages E30–E32)

      Philippe B. Bertrand, David Verhaert and Pieter Vandervoort

      Article first published online: 6 JUN 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12271

      Mini-Abstract

      We present the case of a young man with severe eccentric aortic regurgitation, obstructing mitral inflow and provoking an audible Austin Flint murmur at clinical examination. Two-dimensional color Doppler echocardiography depicts the remarkable mechanical interaction between aortic regurgitant jet and anterior mitral leaflet opening. Three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography aids in understanding the geometric and hemodynamic consequences of the regurgitant jet and in the genesis of the Austin Flint murmur. This case accentuates the incremental value of three-dimensional echocardiography when evaluating valvular pathology, and offers more insight in the interaction between aortic regurgitant flow and mitral leaflet dynamics.

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      Three-Dimensional Echocardiographic Evaluation of a Patient with Double-Orifice Mitral Valve, Bicuspid Aortic Valve, and Coarctation of Aorta (pages E33–E34)

      Abdullah Kocabaş, Filiz Ekici, İlker Çetin and Doğukan Aktaş

      Article first published online: 18 SEP 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12382

      Mini-Abstract

      A 16-year-old male patient was diagnosed with bicuspid aortic valve and coarctation of aorta, and had a history of a subclavian patch plasty operation at 1 year of age. In addition, we detected double-orifice mitral valve (DOMV) at a routine evaluation and demonstrated by both two-dimensional and three-dimensional (3D) echocardiographic examinations. DOMV should be kept in mind in cases with left ventricular obstructive lesions and 3D echocardiography may provide a more detailed assessment of mitral valve and subvalvular apparatus.

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      Repeated Neurological Complications during Dialysis – A Case for Echo? (pages E35–E36)

      Danja S. Groves, Ulf Harding, Christian Lanckohr, Antje Gottschalk, John A. Kern and Christoph Schmidt

      Article first published online: 9 NOV 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12397

      Mini-Abstract

      A 65-year old woman presented with acute or chronic renal failure and signs of right heart failure. Renal replacement therapy—using a surgically placed dialysis catheter via the left jugular vein—was repeatedly complicated by altered flows of the dialysis unit, impaired consciousness, new onset of seizures and left-sided hemiparesis. The tip of the dialysis catheter was detected on transesophageal echocardiography within the lumen of the ascending aorta. Further imaging of the neck vessels demonstrated a primary placement of the catheter in the left common carotid artery. This incident underscores the value of ultrasound guidance for placement of intravascular catheters.

  10. Letters to the Editor

    1. Top of page
    2. ISCU News
    3. Editorials
    4. Original Investigations
    5. Research from or in Collaboration with the University of Alabama at Birmingham
    6. Review Articles
    7. ECHO Rounds Section Editor: Edmund Kenneth Kerut, M.D.
    8. Doppler Hemodynamics
    9. Case Reports Section Editor: Brian D. Hoit, M.D.
    10. Image Section Editor: Brian D. Hoit, M.D.
    11. Letters to the Editor
    12. Announcement of Future Meetings
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      Reply (page 122)

      Osman Turak, Ahmet İşleyen and Fırat Özcan

      Article first published online: 3 JAN 2014 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12416

  11. Announcement of Future Meetings

    1. Top of page
    2. ISCU News
    3. Editorials
    4. Original Investigations
    5. Research from or in Collaboration with the University of Alabama at Birmingham
    6. Review Articles
    7. ECHO Rounds Section Editor: Edmund Kenneth Kerut, M.D.
    8. Doppler Hemodynamics
    9. Case Reports Section Editor: Brian D. Hoit, M.D.
    10. Image Section Editor: Brian D. Hoit, M.D.
    11. Letters to the Editor
    12. Announcement of Future Meetings
    1. You have free access to this content
      Announcement of Future Meetings (page iii)

      Article first published online: 3 JAN 2014 | DOI: 10.1111/echo.12495

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