• Antibodies;
  • CXCL13;
  • ectopic follicle;
  • lymphoid follicle;
  • rheumatoid arthritis


The chemokine CXCL13 has a key role in secondary lymphoid tissue orchestration and lymphoid neogenesis. Transgenic mice deficient in CXCL13 or its receptor CXCR5 have severely impaired lymph node development, lack peritoneal B-lymphocytes and are deficient in circulating antibodies to common bacterial antigens. However, total circulating numbers of B-lymphocytes are slightly elevated and humoral responses to T-dependent or blood-borne antigens are relatively normal. Lymphoid neogenesis is an aberrant process that occurs in chronically inflamed tissue and provides a microenvironment supportive of pathogenic B-cell survival and activation. Here, we describe the impact of therapeutic dosing of a CXCL13 antibody in a mouse model of arthritis, and detail the contribution CXCL13 makes to lymphoid follicle microenvironment, without affecting humoral immune responses.