Early traumatic experiences in those at clinical high risk for psychosis
Article first published online: 24 JAN 2013
© 2013 Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd
Early Intervention in Psychiatry
Volume 7, Issue 3, pages 300–305, August 2013
How to Cite
Addington, J., Stowkowy, J., Cadenhead, K. S., Cornblatt, B. A., McGlashan, T. H., Perkins, D. O., Seidman, L. J., Tsuang, M. T., Walker, E. F., Woods, S. W. and Cannon, T. D. (2013), Early traumatic experiences in those at clinical high risk for psychosis. Early Intervention in Psychiatry, 7: 300–305. doi: 10.1111/eip.12020
- Issue published online: 24 JUL 2013
- Article first published online: 24 JAN 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 25 OCT 2012
- Manuscript Received: 16 JUL 2012
- National Institute of Mental Health. Grant Numbers: U01MH081984, U01 MH081928, P50 MH080272, SCDMH82101008006, R01 MH60720, U01 MH082022, K24 MH76191, MH081902, U01MH081988, U01MH082022, UO1 MH081857-05
- clinical high risk;
Several lines of evidence suggest a possible association between a history of trauma in childhood and later psychosis or psychotic-like experiences. The purpose of this study was to determine the extent of childhood trauma and bullying in young people at clinical high risk (CHR) of developing psychosis.
The sample consisted of 360 individuals who were at CHR of developing psychosis and 180 age- and gender-matched healthy controls. All participants were assessed on past trauma and bullying. The CHR participants were also assessed on a range of psychopathology and functioning.
Individuals at CHR reported significantly more trauma and bullying than healthy controls. Those who had experienced past trauma and bullying were more likely to have increased levels of depression and anxiety and a poorer sense of self.
These results offer preliminary support for an association between a history of trauma and later subthreshold symptoms.