Personality dimensions in persons symptomatically at risk of psychosis: pronounced but lacking a characteristic profile
Article first published online: 1 APR 2014
© 2014 Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd
Early Intervention in Psychiatry
Volume 9, Issue 3, pages 242–247, June 2015
How to Cite
Schultze-Lutter, F., Klosterkötter, J., Nikolaides, A. and Ruhrmann, S. (2015), Personality dimensions in persons symptomatically at risk of psychosis: pronounced but lacking a characteristic profile. Early Intervention in Psychiatry, 9: 242–247. doi: 10.1111/eip.12147
- Issue published online: 28 APR 2015
- Article first published online: 1 APR 2014
- Manuscript Accepted: 28 FEB 2014
- Manuscript Received: 11 FEB 2013
- German Research Foundation, DFG. Grant Number: RU 859/2-1
- at-risk mental state;
- early detection;
- early intervention;
Personality dimensions are frequently abnormal in psychosis. We examined if these abnormalities form a personality profile that is characteristic for patients symptomatically at risk of psychosis.
Four higher order personality dimensions were assessed in 104 at-risk patients, 67 clinical and 97 healthy controls with the ‘Dimensional Assessment of Personality Pathology’, and analysed by two-step cluster procedure to detect personality profiles. Logistic regression was used to test for predictors of profile assignment.
Low and high scorers were distinguished by two profiles. Patients were more likely high scorers. The presence of clinically relevant depression, though equally frequent in clinical groups, best predicted high scorers among patients.
Though at-risk patients were significantly more often high scorers, this seemed to be a general reflection of the level of psychopathology rather than a group characteristic. Thus, personality dimensions might be of little value for facilitating early detection but might be important to consider in early intervention approaches.