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ICT Policy and Implementation in Education: cases in Canada, Northern Ireland and Ireland


  • Roger Austin,

  • Bill Hunter

William J. Hunter, Faculty of Education, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, 11 Simcoe St N., PO Box 385, Oshawa ON, Canada L1H 7L7,

Roger Austin, School of Education, University of Ulster, Coleraine campus, Cromore Road, Coleraine, Co. Londonderry BT52 1SA, UK,,


Countries with similar levels of economic development often implement different education ICT policies. Much of the existing research attributes such differences to economic and political factors. In this paper, we examine the development of ICT policy and implementation in the two parts of Ireland and in two Canadian provinces and find that historical, social and cultural differences also play an important role in the way ICT policies develop. In particular, we see differing historical perceptions of the role of the state and church in education playing a more important role than has hitherto been recognized.