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The Impact of Institutional Context, Education and Labour Market Policies on Early School Leaving: a comparative analysis of EU countries

Authors

  • Kristof De Witte,

  • Ides Nicaise,

  • Jeroen Lavrijsen,

  • Georges Van Landeghem,

  • Carl Lamote,

  • Jan Van Damme


Kristof De Witte, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (KULeuven), Faculty of Business and Economics, Naamsestraat 69, 3000 Leuven (Belgium), Kristof.dewitte@econ.kuleuven.be, www.econ.kuleuven.be/kristof.dewitte

Top Institute for Evidence Based Education Research, Maastricht University, Kapoenstraat 2, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands. k.dewitte@maastrichtuniversity.nl

Ides Nicaise, HIVA / Department of Education, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (K.U. Leuven), Parkstraat 47, P.O. Box 5300,, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium, Ides.Nicaise@hiva.kuleuven.be, http://hiva.kuleuven.be/nl/overhiva/onsteam_detail.php?id=51

Jeroen Lavrijsen, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (K.U. Leuven), HIVA / Department of Education, K.U. Leuven, Parkstraat 47 (P.O. Box 5300), B-3000 Leuven, Belgium, jeroen.lavrijsen@kuleuven.be, http://hiva.kuleuven.be/en/overhiva/onsteam_detail.php?id=284

Georges Van Landeghem, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (K.U. Leuven), Onderwijseffectiviteit en –evaluatie, Dekenstraat 2 — bus 3773 , 3000 Leuven, Belgium, georges.vanlandeghem@ppw.kuleuven.be, http://www.kuleuven.be/wieiswie/nl/person/u0013749

Carl Lamote, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (K.U. Leuven), Educational Effectiveness and Evaluation, Dekenstraat 2 — box 3773, 3000 Leuven, Belgium, carl.lamote@ppw.kuleuven.be, www.kuleuven.be/wieiswie/en/person/u0064197

Jan Van Damme, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (K.U. Leuven), Educational Effectiveness and Evaluation, Dekenstraat 2 — box 3773, 3000 Leuven, Belgium, jan.vandamme@ppw.kuleuven.be, www.kuleuven.be/wieiswie/en/person/00019640

Abstract

This article presents a comparative analysis of the determinants of early school leaving (ESL) at the country level. We decompose ESL rates into two components: a ‘primary’ rate reflecting unqualified school leaving from initial education, and a second component accounting for early school leavers who participate in training programmes. Both may be influenced by structural and policy determinants. We examine how the ESL rate is affected by macro-economic and social context variables such as GDP/capita, growth, poverty, and youth unemployment, as well as system characteristics of the education system (such as legal school leaving age, grade retention, early tracking, and size of vocational education) and the labour market and social protection systems (minimum wages, unemployment insurance).

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