Neuronal activity-dependent STAT3 localization to nucleus is dependent on Tyr-705 and Ser-727 phosphorylation in rat hippocampal neurons

Authors

  • Sachiko Murase,

    Corresponding author
    1. Laboratory of Molecular Biology, National Institute of Neurological Disorder and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
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  • Ronald D. McKay

    1. Laboratory of Molecular Biology, National Institute of Neurological Disorder and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
    2. Lieber Institute for Brain Development, Baltimore, MD, USA
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Abstract

Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) dramatically increases during the first post-natal week, and supports the survival of mature hippocampal neurons. Recently, we reported that chronic elevation of excitability leads to a loss of STAT3 signal, inducing vulnerability in neurons. The loss of STAT3 signal was due to impaired Erk1/2 activation. While overnight elevation of activity attenuated STAT3 signal, brief low-frequency stimuli, which induce long-term depression, have been shown to activate STAT3. Here we investigated how STAT3 responds to depolarization in mature neurons. A brief depolarization results in the transient activation of STAT3: it induces calcium influx through L-type voltage-gated calcium channels, which triggers activation of Src family kinases. Src family kinases are required for phosphorylation of STAT3 at Tyr-705 and Ser-727. PTyr-705 is Janus kinase (JAK)-dependent, while PSer-727 is dependent on Akt, the Ser/Thr kinase. Both PTyr-705 and PSer-727 are necessary for nuclear translocation of STAT3 in these neurons. Chronic elevation of spontaneous activity by an A-type potassium blocker, 4-aminopyridine (4-AP), also induced the transient phosphorylation of STAT3, which after 4 h fell to basal levels despite the presence of 4-AP. These results suggest that phasic and chronic neuronal activation induce distinct molecular pathways, resulting in opposing regulation of STAT3 signal.

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