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Early in the reign of Richard II of Normandy (996–1026), a peasant movement, usually described as a revolt, was suppressed. This paper re-examines the evidence of William of Jumièges, Wace and an anonymous history of Fécamp. It argues that the movement cannot be securely dated to 996, was not a military enterprise, and was not revolutionary. Peasants attempted to mobilize quasi-Carolingian assembly practices in order to gain concessions concerning specific economic issues, but did not seek to re-order their society. The movement probably affected the Seine valley, rather than encompassing all of Normandy.