Big Scrub: A cleared landscape in transition back to forest?

Authors

  • Tony Parkes,

    1. Tony Parkes is the president of Big Scrub Landcare (PO Box 106, Bangalow, NSW 2479, Australia; Email: tony.parkes@westnet.com.au). Mike Delaney is Manager of EnviTE Environment, part of EnviTE Inc. (PO Box 1124, Lismore, NSW 2480, Australia; Tel: +61 2 6621 m. 0429 968 070; Email: miked@envite.org.au). Mark Dunphy is proprietor of Firewheel Rainforest Nursery (387 Dorroughby Road, Dorroughby, NSW, Australia; Tel: +62 2 6689 5246; Email: info@firewheelnursery.com.au).Ralph Woodford is a freelance restoration practitioner (Whian Whian, NSW, Australia; Email: ralphwoodford@gmail.com). Hank Bower is an ecologist and Sue Bower a rainforest restorationist with Bower Bush Works (c/o Lord Howe Island National Park, NSW 2898, Australia; Email: bower@clearmail.com.au). Darren Bailey is a rainforest regeneration contractor (Email: darren@mullum.com.au). Rosemary Joseph is Principal Restorationist/Planner with R. Joseph Consulting (Bentley, NSW, Australia; Email: rhjoseph@activ8.net.au). John Nagle is Catchment Officer, Northern Rivers CMA (PO Box 906, Alstonville, NSW 2477, Australia; Email: john.nagle@cma.nsw.gov.au). Tim Roberts is a rainforest regeneration contractor (Email: macarang6@gmail.com). Stephanie Lymburner is a retired rainforest regeneration contractor (lymburners@bigpond.com). Tein McDonald is Editor, EMR journal (Email: teinm@ozemail.com.au). This article is largely based on interviews conducted with the authors in June 2012.
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  • Mike Delaney,

    1. Tony Parkes is the president of Big Scrub Landcare (PO Box 106, Bangalow, NSW 2479, Australia; Email: tony.parkes@westnet.com.au). Mike Delaney is Manager of EnviTE Environment, part of EnviTE Inc. (PO Box 1124, Lismore, NSW 2480, Australia; Tel: +61 2 6621 m. 0429 968 070; Email: miked@envite.org.au). Mark Dunphy is proprietor of Firewheel Rainforest Nursery (387 Dorroughby Road, Dorroughby, NSW, Australia; Tel: +62 2 6689 5246; Email: info@firewheelnursery.com.au).Ralph Woodford is a freelance restoration practitioner (Whian Whian, NSW, Australia; Email: ralphwoodford@gmail.com). Hank Bower is an ecologist and Sue Bower a rainforest restorationist with Bower Bush Works (c/o Lord Howe Island National Park, NSW 2898, Australia; Email: bower@clearmail.com.au). Darren Bailey is a rainforest regeneration contractor (Email: darren@mullum.com.au). Rosemary Joseph is Principal Restorationist/Planner with R. Joseph Consulting (Bentley, NSW, Australia; Email: rhjoseph@activ8.net.au). John Nagle is Catchment Officer, Northern Rivers CMA (PO Box 906, Alstonville, NSW 2477, Australia; Email: john.nagle@cma.nsw.gov.au). Tim Roberts is a rainforest regeneration contractor (Email: macarang6@gmail.com). Stephanie Lymburner is a retired rainforest regeneration contractor (lymburners@bigpond.com). Tein McDonald is Editor, EMR journal (Email: teinm@ozemail.com.au). This article is largely based on interviews conducted with the authors in June 2012.
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  • Mark Dunphy,

    1. Tony Parkes is the president of Big Scrub Landcare (PO Box 106, Bangalow, NSW 2479, Australia; Email: tony.parkes@westnet.com.au). Mike Delaney is Manager of EnviTE Environment, part of EnviTE Inc. (PO Box 1124, Lismore, NSW 2480, Australia; Tel: +61 2 6621 m. 0429 968 070; Email: miked@envite.org.au). Mark Dunphy is proprietor of Firewheel Rainforest Nursery (387 Dorroughby Road, Dorroughby, NSW, Australia; Tel: +62 2 6689 5246; Email: info@firewheelnursery.com.au).Ralph Woodford is a freelance restoration practitioner (Whian Whian, NSW, Australia; Email: ralphwoodford@gmail.com). Hank Bower is an ecologist and Sue Bower a rainforest restorationist with Bower Bush Works (c/o Lord Howe Island National Park, NSW 2898, Australia; Email: bower@clearmail.com.au). Darren Bailey is a rainforest regeneration contractor (Email: darren@mullum.com.au). Rosemary Joseph is Principal Restorationist/Planner with R. Joseph Consulting (Bentley, NSW, Australia; Email: rhjoseph@activ8.net.au). John Nagle is Catchment Officer, Northern Rivers CMA (PO Box 906, Alstonville, NSW 2477, Australia; Email: john.nagle@cma.nsw.gov.au). Tim Roberts is a rainforest regeneration contractor (Email: macarang6@gmail.com). Stephanie Lymburner is a retired rainforest regeneration contractor (lymburners@bigpond.com). Tein McDonald is Editor, EMR journal (Email: teinm@ozemail.com.au). This article is largely based on interviews conducted with the authors in June 2012.
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  • Ralph Woodford,

    1. Tony Parkes is the president of Big Scrub Landcare (PO Box 106, Bangalow, NSW 2479, Australia; Email: tony.parkes@westnet.com.au). Mike Delaney is Manager of EnviTE Environment, part of EnviTE Inc. (PO Box 1124, Lismore, NSW 2480, Australia; Tel: +61 2 6621 m. 0429 968 070; Email: miked@envite.org.au). Mark Dunphy is proprietor of Firewheel Rainforest Nursery (387 Dorroughby Road, Dorroughby, NSW, Australia; Tel: +62 2 6689 5246; Email: info@firewheelnursery.com.au).Ralph Woodford is a freelance restoration practitioner (Whian Whian, NSW, Australia; Email: ralphwoodford@gmail.com). Hank Bower is an ecologist and Sue Bower a rainforest restorationist with Bower Bush Works (c/o Lord Howe Island National Park, NSW 2898, Australia; Email: bower@clearmail.com.au). Darren Bailey is a rainforest regeneration contractor (Email: darren@mullum.com.au). Rosemary Joseph is Principal Restorationist/Planner with R. Joseph Consulting (Bentley, NSW, Australia; Email: rhjoseph@activ8.net.au). John Nagle is Catchment Officer, Northern Rivers CMA (PO Box 906, Alstonville, NSW 2477, Australia; Email: john.nagle@cma.nsw.gov.au). Tim Roberts is a rainforest regeneration contractor (Email: macarang6@gmail.com). Stephanie Lymburner is a retired rainforest regeneration contractor (lymburners@bigpond.com). Tein McDonald is Editor, EMR journal (Email: teinm@ozemail.com.au). This article is largely based on interviews conducted with the authors in June 2012.
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  • Hank Bower,

    1. Tony Parkes is the president of Big Scrub Landcare (PO Box 106, Bangalow, NSW 2479, Australia; Email: tony.parkes@westnet.com.au). Mike Delaney is Manager of EnviTE Environment, part of EnviTE Inc. (PO Box 1124, Lismore, NSW 2480, Australia; Tel: +61 2 6621 m. 0429 968 070; Email: miked@envite.org.au). Mark Dunphy is proprietor of Firewheel Rainforest Nursery (387 Dorroughby Road, Dorroughby, NSW, Australia; Tel: +62 2 6689 5246; Email: info@firewheelnursery.com.au).Ralph Woodford is a freelance restoration practitioner (Whian Whian, NSW, Australia; Email: ralphwoodford@gmail.com). Hank Bower is an ecologist and Sue Bower a rainforest restorationist with Bower Bush Works (c/o Lord Howe Island National Park, NSW 2898, Australia; Email: bower@clearmail.com.au). Darren Bailey is a rainforest regeneration contractor (Email: darren@mullum.com.au). Rosemary Joseph is Principal Restorationist/Planner with R. Joseph Consulting (Bentley, NSW, Australia; Email: rhjoseph@activ8.net.au). John Nagle is Catchment Officer, Northern Rivers CMA (PO Box 906, Alstonville, NSW 2477, Australia; Email: john.nagle@cma.nsw.gov.au). Tim Roberts is a rainforest regeneration contractor (Email: macarang6@gmail.com). Stephanie Lymburner is a retired rainforest regeneration contractor (lymburners@bigpond.com). Tein McDonald is Editor, EMR journal (Email: teinm@ozemail.com.au). This article is largely based on interviews conducted with the authors in June 2012.
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  • Sue Bower,

    1. Tony Parkes is the president of Big Scrub Landcare (PO Box 106, Bangalow, NSW 2479, Australia; Email: tony.parkes@westnet.com.au). Mike Delaney is Manager of EnviTE Environment, part of EnviTE Inc. (PO Box 1124, Lismore, NSW 2480, Australia; Tel: +61 2 6621 m. 0429 968 070; Email: miked@envite.org.au). Mark Dunphy is proprietor of Firewheel Rainforest Nursery (387 Dorroughby Road, Dorroughby, NSW, Australia; Tel: +62 2 6689 5246; Email: info@firewheelnursery.com.au).Ralph Woodford is a freelance restoration practitioner (Whian Whian, NSW, Australia; Email: ralphwoodford@gmail.com). Hank Bower is an ecologist and Sue Bower a rainforest restorationist with Bower Bush Works (c/o Lord Howe Island National Park, NSW 2898, Australia; Email: bower@clearmail.com.au). Darren Bailey is a rainforest regeneration contractor (Email: darren@mullum.com.au). Rosemary Joseph is Principal Restorationist/Planner with R. Joseph Consulting (Bentley, NSW, Australia; Email: rhjoseph@activ8.net.au). John Nagle is Catchment Officer, Northern Rivers CMA (PO Box 906, Alstonville, NSW 2477, Australia; Email: john.nagle@cma.nsw.gov.au). Tim Roberts is a rainforest regeneration contractor (Email: macarang6@gmail.com). Stephanie Lymburner is a retired rainforest regeneration contractor (lymburners@bigpond.com). Tein McDonald is Editor, EMR journal (Email: teinm@ozemail.com.au). This article is largely based on interviews conducted with the authors in June 2012.
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  • Darren Bailey,

    1. Tony Parkes is the president of Big Scrub Landcare (PO Box 106, Bangalow, NSW 2479, Australia; Email: tony.parkes@westnet.com.au). Mike Delaney is Manager of EnviTE Environment, part of EnviTE Inc. (PO Box 1124, Lismore, NSW 2480, Australia; Tel: +61 2 6621 m. 0429 968 070; Email: miked@envite.org.au). Mark Dunphy is proprietor of Firewheel Rainforest Nursery (387 Dorroughby Road, Dorroughby, NSW, Australia; Tel: +62 2 6689 5246; Email: info@firewheelnursery.com.au).Ralph Woodford is a freelance restoration practitioner (Whian Whian, NSW, Australia; Email: ralphwoodford@gmail.com). Hank Bower is an ecologist and Sue Bower a rainforest restorationist with Bower Bush Works (c/o Lord Howe Island National Park, NSW 2898, Australia; Email: bower@clearmail.com.au). Darren Bailey is a rainforest regeneration contractor (Email: darren@mullum.com.au). Rosemary Joseph is Principal Restorationist/Planner with R. Joseph Consulting (Bentley, NSW, Australia; Email: rhjoseph@activ8.net.au). John Nagle is Catchment Officer, Northern Rivers CMA (PO Box 906, Alstonville, NSW 2477, Australia; Email: john.nagle@cma.nsw.gov.au). Tim Roberts is a rainforest regeneration contractor (Email: macarang6@gmail.com). Stephanie Lymburner is a retired rainforest regeneration contractor (lymburners@bigpond.com). Tein McDonald is Editor, EMR journal (Email: teinm@ozemail.com.au). This article is largely based on interviews conducted with the authors in June 2012.
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  • Rosemary Joseph,

    1. Tony Parkes is the president of Big Scrub Landcare (PO Box 106, Bangalow, NSW 2479, Australia; Email: tony.parkes@westnet.com.au). Mike Delaney is Manager of EnviTE Environment, part of EnviTE Inc. (PO Box 1124, Lismore, NSW 2480, Australia; Tel: +61 2 6621 m. 0429 968 070; Email: miked@envite.org.au). Mark Dunphy is proprietor of Firewheel Rainforest Nursery (387 Dorroughby Road, Dorroughby, NSW, Australia; Tel: +62 2 6689 5246; Email: info@firewheelnursery.com.au).Ralph Woodford is a freelance restoration practitioner (Whian Whian, NSW, Australia; Email: ralphwoodford@gmail.com). Hank Bower is an ecologist and Sue Bower a rainforest restorationist with Bower Bush Works (c/o Lord Howe Island National Park, NSW 2898, Australia; Email: bower@clearmail.com.au). Darren Bailey is a rainforest regeneration contractor (Email: darren@mullum.com.au). Rosemary Joseph is Principal Restorationist/Planner with R. Joseph Consulting (Bentley, NSW, Australia; Email: rhjoseph@activ8.net.au). John Nagle is Catchment Officer, Northern Rivers CMA (PO Box 906, Alstonville, NSW 2477, Australia; Email: john.nagle@cma.nsw.gov.au). Tim Roberts is a rainforest regeneration contractor (Email: macarang6@gmail.com). Stephanie Lymburner is a retired rainforest regeneration contractor (lymburners@bigpond.com). Tein McDonald is Editor, EMR journal (Email: teinm@ozemail.com.au). This article is largely based on interviews conducted with the authors in June 2012.
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  • John Nagle,

    1. Tony Parkes is the president of Big Scrub Landcare (PO Box 106, Bangalow, NSW 2479, Australia; Email: tony.parkes@westnet.com.au). Mike Delaney is Manager of EnviTE Environment, part of EnviTE Inc. (PO Box 1124, Lismore, NSW 2480, Australia; Tel: +61 2 6621 m. 0429 968 070; Email: miked@envite.org.au). Mark Dunphy is proprietor of Firewheel Rainforest Nursery (387 Dorroughby Road, Dorroughby, NSW, Australia; Tel: +62 2 6689 5246; Email: info@firewheelnursery.com.au).Ralph Woodford is a freelance restoration practitioner (Whian Whian, NSW, Australia; Email: ralphwoodford@gmail.com). Hank Bower is an ecologist and Sue Bower a rainforest restorationist with Bower Bush Works (c/o Lord Howe Island National Park, NSW 2898, Australia; Email: bower@clearmail.com.au). Darren Bailey is a rainforest regeneration contractor (Email: darren@mullum.com.au). Rosemary Joseph is Principal Restorationist/Planner with R. Joseph Consulting (Bentley, NSW, Australia; Email: rhjoseph@activ8.net.au). John Nagle is Catchment Officer, Northern Rivers CMA (PO Box 906, Alstonville, NSW 2477, Australia; Email: john.nagle@cma.nsw.gov.au). Tim Roberts is a rainforest regeneration contractor (Email: macarang6@gmail.com). Stephanie Lymburner is a retired rainforest regeneration contractor (lymburners@bigpond.com). Tein McDonald is Editor, EMR journal (Email: teinm@ozemail.com.au). This article is largely based on interviews conducted with the authors in June 2012.
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  • Tim Roberts,

    1. Tony Parkes is the president of Big Scrub Landcare (PO Box 106, Bangalow, NSW 2479, Australia; Email: tony.parkes@westnet.com.au). Mike Delaney is Manager of EnviTE Environment, part of EnviTE Inc. (PO Box 1124, Lismore, NSW 2480, Australia; Tel: +61 2 6621 m. 0429 968 070; Email: miked@envite.org.au). Mark Dunphy is proprietor of Firewheel Rainforest Nursery (387 Dorroughby Road, Dorroughby, NSW, Australia; Tel: +62 2 6689 5246; Email: info@firewheelnursery.com.au).Ralph Woodford is a freelance restoration practitioner (Whian Whian, NSW, Australia; Email: ralphwoodford@gmail.com). Hank Bower is an ecologist and Sue Bower a rainforest restorationist with Bower Bush Works (c/o Lord Howe Island National Park, NSW 2898, Australia; Email: bower@clearmail.com.au). Darren Bailey is a rainforest regeneration contractor (Email: darren@mullum.com.au). Rosemary Joseph is Principal Restorationist/Planner with R. Joseph Consulting (Bentley, NSW, Australia; Email: rhjoseph@activ8.net.au). John Nagle is Catchment Officer, Northern Rivers CMA (PO Box 906, Alstonville, NSW 2477, Australia; Email: john.nagle@cma.nsw.gov.au). Tim Roberts is a rainforest regeneration contractor (Email: macarang6@gmail.com). Stephanie Lymburner is a retired rainforest regeneration contractor (lymburners@bigpond.com). Tein McDonald is Editor, EMR journal (Email: teinm@ozemail.com.au). This article is largely based on interviews conducted with the authors in June 2012.
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  • Stephanie Lymburner,

    1. Tony Parkes is the president of Big Scrub Landcare (PO Box 106, Bangalow, NSW 2479, Australia; Email: tony.parkes@westnet.com.au). Mike Delaney is Manager of EnviTE Environment, part of EnviTE Inc. (PO Box 1124, Lismore, NSW 2480, Australia; Tel: +61 2 6621 m. 0429 968 070; Email: miked@envite.org.au). Mark Dunphy is proprietor of Firewheel Rainforest Nursery (387 Dorroughby Road, Dorroughby, NSW, Australia; Tel: +62 2 6689 5246; Email: info@firewheelnursery.com.au).Ralph Woodford is a freelance restoration practitioner (Whian Whian, NSW, Australia; Email: ralphwoodford@gmail.com). Hank Bower is an ecologist and Sue Bower a rainforest restorationist with Bower Bush Works (c/o Lord Howe Island National Park, NSW 2898, Australia; Email: bower@clearmail.com.au). Darren Bailey is a rainforest regeneration contractor (Email: darren@mullum.com.au). Rosemary Joseph is Principal Restorationist/Planner with R. Joseph Consulting (Bentley, NSW, Australia; Email: rhjoseph@activ8.net.au). John Nagle is Catchment Officer, Northern Rivers CMA (PO Box 906, Alstonville, NSW 2477, Australia; Email: john.nagle@cma.nsw.gov.au). Tim Roberts is a rainforest regeneration contractor (Email: macarang6@gmail.com). Stephanie Lymburner is a retired rainforest regeneration contractor (lymburners@bigpond.com). Tein McDonald is Editor, EMR journal (Email: teinm@ozemail.com.au). This article is largely based on interviews conducted with the authors in June 2012.
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  • Tein McDonald

    1. Tony Parkes is the president of Big Scrub Landcare (PO Box 106, Bangalow, NSW 2479, Australia; Email: tony.parkes@westnet.com.au). Mike Delaney is Manager of EnviTE Environment, part of EnviTE Inc. (PO Box 1124, Lismore, NSW 2480, Australia; Tel: +61 2 6621 m. 0429 968 070; Email: miked@envite.org.au). Mark Dunphy is proprietor of Firewheel Rainforest Nursery (387 Dorroughby Road, Dorroughby, NSW, Australia; Tel: +62 2 6689 5246; Email: info@firewheelnursery.com.au).Ralph Woodford is a freelance restoration practitioner (Whian Whian, NSW, Australia; Email: ralphwoodford@gmail.com). Hank Bower is an ecologist and Sue Bower a rainforest restorationist with Bower Bush Works (c/o Lord Howe Island National Park, NSW 2898, Australia; Email: bower@clearmail.com.au). Darren Bailey is a rainforest regeneration contractor (Email: darren@mullum.com.au). Rosemary Joseph is Principal Restorationist/Planner with R. Joseph Consulting (Bentley, NSW, Australia; Email: rhjoseph@activ8.net.au). John Nagle is Catchment Officer, Northern Rivers CMA (PO Box 906, Alstonville, NSW 2477, Australia; Email: john.nagle@cma.nsw.gov.au). Tim Roberts is a rainforest regeneration contractor (Email: macarang6@gmail.com). Stephanie Lymburner is a retired rainforest regeneration contractor (lymburners@bigpond.com). Tein McDonald is Editor, EMR journal (Email: teinm@ozemail.com.au). This article is largely based on interviews conducted with the authors in June 2012.
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Errata

This article is corrected by:

  1. Errata: Corrigendum Volume 14, Issue 1, 78, Article first published online: 28 January 2013

Abstract

Restoring the rainforests of the Big Scrub is a powerful restoration symbol for the regional communities of far north coast New South Wales, but it is only a partly realized aspiration. What progress has been made in 35 years and to what extent is the aspiration achievable?

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