Recognition of facial and musical emotions in Parkinson's disease
Article first published online: 24 DEC 2012
© 2012 The Author(s) European Journal of Neurology © 2012 EFNS
European Journal of Neurology
Volume 20, Issue 3, pages 571–577, March 2013
How to Cite
Saenz, A., Doé de Maindreville, A., Henry, A., de Labbey, S., Bakchine, S. and Ehrlé, N. (2013), Recognition of facial and musical emotions in Parkinson's disease. European Journal of Neurology, 20: 571–577. doi: 10.1111/ene.12040
- Issue published online: 14 FEB 2013
- Article first published online: 24 DEC 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 15 OCT 2012
- Manuscript Received: 12 JUN 2012
- ‘Agence Nationale pour la Recherche’ of the French Ministry of Research. Grant Number: NT05-3_45987
- Parkinson's disease;
Background and purpose
Patients with amygdala lesions were found to be impaired in recognizing the fear emotion both from face and from music. In patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), impairment in recognition of emotions from facial expressions was reported for disgust, fear, sadness and anger, but no studies had yet investigated this population for the recognition of emotions from both face and music.
The ability to recognize basic universal emotions (fear, happiness and sadness) from both face and music was investigated in 24 medicated patients with PD and 24 healthy controls. The patient group was tested for language (verbal fluency tasks), memory (digit and spatial span), executive functions (Similarities and Picture Completion subtests of the WAIS III, Brixton and Stroop tests), visual attention (Bells test), and fulfilled self-assessment tests for anxiety and depression.
Results showed that the PD group was significantly impaired for recognition of both fear and sadness emotions from facial expressions, whereas their performance in recognition of emotions from musical excerpts was not different from that of the control group. The scores of fear and sadness recognition from faces were neither correlated to scores in tests for executive and cognitive functions, nor to scores in self-assessment scales.
We attributed the observed dissociation to the modality (visual vs. auditory) of presentation and to the ecological value of the musical stimuli that we used. We discuss the relevance of our findings for the care of patients with PD.