The impact of predisposing factors on long-term outcome after stroke in diabetic patients: the Fukuoka Stroke Registry
Correspondence: H. Sugimori, Department of Medicine and Clinical Science, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan (tel.: +81 92 642 5256 ; fax: +81 92 642 5271; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Background and purpose
Although stroke patients with diabetes mellitus have a poor prognosis, the prognostic factors of patients with diabetes mellitus have not been adequately studied. The aim of this study was to determine the predisposing factors for outcome 1 year after stroke in diabetic patients.
Patients' characteristics, findings on admission and outcome 1 year after first ischaemic stroke were prospectively investigated in 452 consecutive patients with diabetes mellitus (305 males, 147 females; 69 ± 10 years old). A poor outcome was defined as a modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score ≥ 2, 1 year after stroke onset.
There were 286 patients with a good outcome (mRS score ≤ 1) and 166 with a poor outcome (mRS score ≥ 2). On multivariate logistic regression analysis, age [odds ratio (OR) 1.06, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.03–1.10, P < 0.001, per 1-year increase], National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score on admission (OR 1.21, 95% CI 1.11–1.32, P < 0.001, per 1-point increase), diabetic nephropathy (OR 1.93, 95% CI 1.02–3.65, P = 0.044) and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c; OR 1.27, 95% CI 1.07–1.51, P = 0.007, per 1% increase) were independently related to poor outcome (mRS score ≥ 2) 1 year after the onset of the first stroke in diabetic patients.
In stroke patients with diabetes mellitus, age, NIHSS score on admission, diabetic nephropathy and HbA1c were independently associated with a poor outcome 1 year after the first ischaemic stroke.