Low ankle−brachial index predicts new vascular events and functional outcome after 1 year in patients with non-cardioembolic stroke: our experience and review
Article first published online: 4 SEP 2013
© 2013 The Author(s) European Journal of Neurology © 2013 EFNS
European Journal of Neurology
Volume 21, Issue 1, pages 100–106, January 2014
How to Cite
Alvarez-Sabín, J., Quintana, M., Santamarina, E., Maisterra, O. and Gil-Núñez, A. (2014), Low ankle−brachial index predicts new vascular events and functional outcome after 1 year in patients with non-cardioembolic stroke: our experience and review. European Journal of Neurology, 21: 100–106. doi: 10.1111/ene.12253
- Issue published online: 10 DEC 2013
- Article first published online: 4 SEP 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 26 JUL 2013
- Manuscript Received: 7 JUN 2013
- ankle−brachial index;
- atherothrombotic stroke;
Background and purpose
The ankle−brachial index (ABI) has been defined as an important factor associated with vascular events. Our objective was to analyze the prognostic value of the ABI as a predictive factor of new vascular events and functional status at 1 year in patients with non-cardioembolic ischaemic stroke.
A prospective, longitudinal, observational and multicenter study was performed, including consecutive patients ≥50 years old who had suffered from a non-cardioembolic ischaemic stroke. Pathological ABI (PI) was defined when the value was ≤0.9. The logistic regression model, survival analysis and the Cox proportional hazard regression model were used to identify factors independently associated with functional outcome and occurrence of new vascular events, including recurrent stroke.
In all, 977 patients were evaluated. The mean age was 69.1 ± 9.5 years. 40.5% patients had PI. Stroke recurrence and new vascular events global rates were 9% and 20% respectively at 1 year. PI was independently associated with new vascular events [hazard ratio 1.764 (1.274–2.444), P = 0.001]. A cut-off point of ABI ≤ 0.8 (14% vs. 7%, P = 0.002) independently predicted stroke recurrence in an adjusted regression model [hazard ratio 1.807 (1.102–2.963), P = 0.019]. PI was also associated with functional dependence [odds ratio 1.490 (1.011–2.196), P = 0.044].
In non-cardioembolic ischaemic stroke patients, PI was an independent predictive factor of new vascular events and functional outcome after 1 year of follow-up.