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- Supporting Information
Background and purpose
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) has high acute mortality. The number of potential kidney and liver donors amongst deceased ICH patients was estimated to improve our institutional guidelines on acute care of neurocritical patients to increase organ donation.
A chart review was carried out by a multi-professional team for consecutive ICH patients admitted to the emergency department at Helsinki University Central Hospital and dying within 14 days between 2005 and 2010.
In all, 955 patients had follow-up data, of whom 254 (27%) died within 14 days and eight ended up as organ donors. An additional 51 potentially suitable donors not different from actual donors were identified: nine suitable for kidney donation, 11 for liver and 31 for both. In 49/51 (96%) cases prognosis seemed non-existent and do-not-resuscitate orders were issued early, which led to refrainment from intensive care in 76.5%. These potential donors differed from those ICH patients surviving a whole year (n = 529) by male preponderance, more severe symptoms (median National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale 25 vs. 6 and Glasgow Coma Scale 7 vs. 15), larger hematoma volumes of 24.8 cm3 (vs. 6.7), and frequent finding of midline shift and intraventricular rupture of the hemorrhage in admission brain CT. Based on the results, our guidelines were revised towards more active treatment including mechanical ventilation for neurocritical patients at the emergency department for at least 48 h, resulting in an increase in organ donations in 2012.
A considerable number of ICH patients are potential organ donors if the evaluation takes place on arrival and organ donation is considered as part of usual end-of-life care.