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Keywords:

  • epidemiology;
  • neuroinfectious diseases;
  • outcome

Background and purpose

Studies on the impact of infectious diseases affecting the nervous system are sparse.

Methods

All patients with neuroinfectious diseases (NIDs) who were treated at our Department of Neurology from 2005 until 2009 were retrospectively analyzed.

Results

Patients with NIDs required treatment at the intensive care unit in 34.8%. The mortality rate of patients with NIDs was significantly higher than that of other inpatients with neurological diseases (5.1% vs. 3.0%, respectively, P = 0.018).

Conclusion

In summary, this study shows that patients with NIDs are severely ill and mortality is high.