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Formation of long-lasting galls by overwintered nymphs in the Japanese aphid Quadrartus yoshinomiyai (Hemiptera: Aphididae: Hormaphidinae)

Authors

  • Keigo Uematsu,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of General Systems Studies, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
    Current affiliation:
    1. Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    • Correspondence: Keigo Uematsu, Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK.

      Email: keigouematsu@gmail.com

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  • Harunobu Shibao

    1. Department of General Systems Studies, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
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Abstract

This paper examines the life history of a generation of galls created by the aphid Quadrartus yoshinomiyai (Hormaphidinae: Nipponaphidini) on its primary host plant, Distylium racemosum. First-instar fundatrix nymphs of Q. yoshinomiyai initiated galls on stems of developing shoots in early April and incipient enclosed galls were found from later the same month. The galls lasted for up to 14 months, during which they grew to maturity, opened in early or mid-April of the following year and dried up by the end of June. First-instar fundatrix nymphs were found on winter buds, indicating that they hatched from eggs in autumn and overwintered as nymphs. These results suggest that Q. yoshinomiyai has a three-year life cycle.

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