• Akino T (2008) Chemical strategies to deal with ants: a review of mimicry, camouflage, propaganda, and phytomimesis by ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and other arthropods. Myrmecological News 11, 173181.
  • Akino T, Knapp JJ, Thomas JA, Elmes GW (1999) Chemical mimicry and host specificity in the butterfly Maculinea rebeli, a social parasite of Myrmica ant colonies. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 266, 14191426.
  • Als TD, Nash DR, Boomsma JJ (2001) Adoption of parasitic Maculinea alcon caterpillars (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) by three Myrmica ant species. Animal Behaviour 62, 99106.
  • Barbero F, Bonelli S, Thomas JA, Balletto E, Schönrogge K (2009a) Acoustical mimicry in a predatory social parasite of ants. Journal of Experimental Biology 212, 40844090.
  • Barbero F, Thomas JA, Bonelli S, Balletto E, Schönrogge K (2009b) Queen ants make distinctive sounds that are mimicked by a butterfly social parasite. Science 323, 782785.
  • Bos N, Dreier S, Jørgensen CG, Nielsen J, Guerrieri FJ, d'Ettorre P (2012) Learning and perceptual similarity among cuticular hydrocarbons in ants. Animal Behaviour 58, 138146.
  • Bos N, Guerrieri FJ, d'Ettorre P (2010) Significance of chemical recognition cues is context dependent in ants. Animal Behaviour 80, 839844.
  • Henning SF (1983) Chemical communication between lycaenid larvae (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) and ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa 46, 341366.
  • Hirukawa N (1978) [Life history of Niphanda fusca (Bremer et Grey) (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae) in Kiso-dani, Nagano Prefecture, 1]. Insects and Nature 13, 118. (In Japanese.)
  • Hojo MK, Wada-Katsumata A, Akino T, Yamaguchi S, Ozaki M, Yamaoka R (2009) Chemical disguise as particular caste of host ants in the ant inquiline parasite Niphanda fusca (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Proceedings of the Royal Society B 276, 551558.
  • Hojo MK, Wada-Katsumata A, Ozaki M, Yamaguchi S, Yamaoka R (2008) Gustatory synergism in ants mediates a species-specific symbiosis with lycaenid butterflies. Journal of Comparative Physiology A 194, 10431052.
  • Martin SJ, Drijfhout FP (2009) A review of ant cuticular hydrocarbons. Journal of Chemical Ecology 35, 11511161.
  • Martin SJ, Helanterä H, Drijfhout FP (2008) Colony-specific hydrocarbons identify nest mates in two species of Formica ants. Journal of Chemical Ecology 34, 10721080.
  • Nagayama H (1950) [Life history of Niphanda fusca Bremer et Grey]. The Insect Ecology 3, 918. (In Japanese.)
  • Nash DR, Als TD, Maile R, Jones GR, Boomsma JJ (2008) A mosaic of chemical coevolution in a large blue butterfly. Science 319, 8890.
  • Pierce NE, Braby MF, Heath A et al. (2002) The ecology and evolution of ant association in the Lycaenidae (Lepidoptera). Annual Review of Entomology 47, 733771.
  • R Development Core Team (2011) R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna. [Cited 26 September 2012.] Available from URL:
  • Schlick-Steiner BC, Steiner FM, Höttinger H et al. (2004) A butterfly's chemical key to various ant forts: intersection-odour or aggregate-odour multi-host mimicry? Die Naturwissenschaften 91, 209214.
  • Thomas JA (2002) Larval niche selection and evening exposure enhance adoption of a predacious social parasite, Maculinea arion (large blue butterfly), by Myrmica ants. Oecologia 132, 531537.
  • Thomas JA, Schönrogge K, Elmes GW (2005) Specializations and host associations of social parasites of ants. In: Fellowes MDE , Holloway GJ , Rolff J (eds) Insect Evolutionary Ecology, pp 479518. CABI Publishing, Wallingford.
  • Verheggen FJ, Diez L, Sablon L et al. (2012) Aphid alarm pheromone as a cue for ants to locate aphid partners. PLoS ONE 7, e41841.
  • Yamaguchi S (1989) [The Life Histories of Five Myrmecophilous Lycaenid Butterflies of Japan]. Kodansha, Tokyo. (In Japanese.)