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Keywords:

  • MRI ;
  • Functional MRI;
  • Glioma;
  • Epilepsy surgery;
  • Tractography

Summary

High-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is invaluable for identifying cerebral tumors that cause epilepsy. Serial voxel-based automated quantitative analyses are more sensitive than visual reading for detecting change in a lesion. Eloquent cortex can be identified with functional MRI (fMRI), with cautions about the precise location and extent of critical cortex. Tractography is useful for delineating critical white matter tracks as are MR venography and computerized tomography (CT) angiography for displaying veins and arteries. These data may be combined into a three-dimensional (3D) multimodal MR data presentation and displayed interoperatively to increase the precision and minimize the risk of neurosurgical treatment, and for the illustrations.