Organizational Social Capital, Formalization, and Internal Knowledge Sharing in Entrepreneurial Orientation Formation

Authors

  • Dirk De Clercq,

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    • Dirk De Clercq is Professor of Management in the Goodman School at the Faculty of Business, Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada, and Research Professor in the Small Business Research Centre, Kingston University, Kingston, UK.
  • Dimo Dimov,

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    • Dimo Dimov is Professor of Entrepreneurship and Innovation in the School of Management, Bath University, Bath, UK.
  • Narongsak (Tek) Thongpapanl

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    • Narongsak (Tek) Thongpapanl is Associate Professor of Marketing and New Product Development in the Goodman School of Business, Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada.

Please send correspondence to: Dirk De Clercq, tel.: +1 905-688-5550-x5187; e-mail: ddeclercq@brocku.ca, to Dimo Dimov at d.p.dimov@bath.ac.uk, and to Narongsak (Tek) Thongpapanl at nthongpa@brocku.ca.

Abstract

This study considers the mediating role of internal knowledge sharing in the relationship between two critical aspects of organizational social capital (trust and goal congruence) and entrepreneurial orientation (EO), as well as how this role might be moderated by the firm's level of formalization. It shows that higher levels of internal knowledge sharing relate to stronger EO, and such knowledge sharing in turn results from higher levels of trust and goal congruence. This study further provides a nuanced picture of the role of formalization in this process. The authors discuss both the study's implications and future research directions.

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