An Effectual Approach to International Entrepreneurship: Overlaps, Challenges, and Provocative Possibilities

Authors

  • Saras Sarasvathy,

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    • Saras Sarasvathy is Isadore Horween Research Associate Professor of Business Administration; Darden School of Business, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22906-6500, USA; and Jamuna Raghavan Chair Professor in Entrepreneurship, Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore, Bannerghatta Road, Bangalore, India.
  • K. Kumar,

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    • K. Kumar is Apeejay Surendra Chair Professor of Family Business and Entrepreneurship, Indian Institute of Management Bangalore, Bannerghatta Road, Bangalore, India.
  • Jeffrey G. York,

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    • Jeffrey G. York is an Assistant Professor of Management and Entrepreneurship, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA.
  • Suresh Bhagavatula

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    • Suresh Bhagavatula is an Assistant Professor of Entrepreneurship, Indian Institute of Management Bangalore, Bannerghatta Road, Bangalore, India.

Please send correspondence to: Saras Sarasvathy, tel.: +1-434-982-2079; e-mail: SarasvathyS@darden.virginia.edu, to K. Kumar at Kumark@iimb.ernet.in, to Jeffrey G. York at jeffrey.york@colorado.edu, and to Suresh Bhagavatula at Suresh.bhagavatula@iimb.ernet.in.

Abstract

In this paper, we outline several interesting observations about international entrepreneurship (IE) research through the theoretical lens of effectuation. In doing so, we show how an effectual approach can help resolve four central conflicts and knowledge gaps identified in two recent comprehensive reviews of IE. We then present an illustrative case study from India that provides an intriguing comparison with the most recent modification of the Uppsala model to integrate with effectuation theory. Finally, we offer four provocative possibilities for future research at the intersection of IE and effectuation research.

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