Do American Crows Pay Attention to Human Gaze and Facial Expressions?
Article first published online: 17 FEB 2013
© 2013 Blackwell Verlag GmbH
Volume 119, Issue 4, pages 296–302, April 2013
How to Cite
Clucas, B., Marzluff, J. M., Mackovjak, D., Palmquist, I. (2013), Do American Crows Pay Attention to Human Gaze and Facial Expressions?. Ethology, 119: 296–302. doi: 10.1111/eth.12064
- Issue published online: 15 MAR 2013
- Article first published online: 17 FEB 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 17 JAN 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 7 SEP 2012
- Manuscript Received: 10 JUL 2012
- McIntire-Stennis Cooperative Forestry Research Program
- University of Washington. Grant Number: 3077-01
Figure S1: Schematic of human approaching crow (from overhead perspective).
Figure S2: Facial expressions of approaching human: (a) smiling and (b) scowling.
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