The copyright line for this article was changed on 24 June 2014 after original online publication.
The Homing Frog: High Homing Performance in a Territorial Dendrobatid Frog Allobates femoralis (Dendrobatidae)
Article first published online: 8 JUL 2013
© 2013 The Authors. Ethology Published by Blackwell Verlag GmbH.
This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Volume 119, Issue 9, pages 762–768, September 2013
How to Cite
Pašukonis, A., Ringler, M., Brandl, H. B., Mangione, R., Ringler, E., Hödl, W. (2013), The Homing Frog: High Homing Performance in a Territorial Dendrobatid Frog Allobates femoralis (Dendrobatidae). Ethology, 119: 762–768. doi: 10.1111/eth.12116
- Issue published online: 20 AUG 2013
- Article first published online: 8 JUL 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 14 JUN 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 5 JUN 2013
- Manuscript Received: 7 MAY 2013
- Austrian Science Fund. Grant Numbers: W1234-G17, P24788-B22
Dendrobatidae (dart-poison frogs) exhibit some of the most complex spatial behaviors among amphibians, such as territoriality and tadpole transport from terrestrial clutches to widely distributed deposition sites. In species that exhibit long-term territoriality, high homing performance after tadpole transport can be assumed, but experimental evidence is lacking, and the underlying orientation mechanisms are unknown. We conducted a field translocation experiment to test whether male Allobates femoralis, a dendrobatid frog with paternal extra-territorial tadpole transport, are capable of homing after experimental removal, as well as to quantify homing success and speed. Translocated individuals showed a very high homing success for distances up to 200 m and successfully returned from up to 400 m. We discuss the potential orientation mechanisms involved and selective forces that could have shaped this strong homing ability.