Genetic variation in adaptive traits and seed transfer zones for Pseudoroegneria spicata (bluebunch wheatgrass) in the northwestern United States
Version of Record online: 6 JUN 2013
© 2013 The Authors. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Volume 6, Issue 6, pages 933–948, September 2013
How to Cite
Bradley St. Clair, J., Kilkenny, F. F., Johnson, R. C., Shaw, N. L. and Weaver, G. (2013), Genetic variation in adaptive traits and seed transfer zones for Pseudoroegneria spicata (bluebunch wheatgrass) in the northwestern United States. Evolutionary Applications, 6: 933–948. doi: 10.1111/eva.12077
- Issue online: 27 AUG 2013
- Version of Record online: 6 JUN 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 6 MAY 2013
- Manuscript Received: 21 NOV 2012
- USDI Bureau of Land Management
- Great Basin Restoration Initiative
- USDA Forest Service Rocky Mountain Research Station's Great Basin Native Plant Selection and Increase Project
- 2004. Multivariate patterns of adaptive genetic variation and seed source transfer in Picea mariana. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 34:531–545. , , and
- 1986. Mapped genetic variation of Douglas fir to guide seed transfer in southwest Oregon. Silvae Genetica 35:85–96.
- 1979. A new basis for characterizing germination. Journal of Seed Technology 4:24–34. , and
- 2007. Pseudoroegneria (Nevaki) Á. Löve. In M. E. Barkworth, K. M. Capels, S. Long, L. K. Anderson, and M. B. Piep, eds. Flora of North America North of Mexico. Volume 24 Magnoliophyta: Commelinidae (in part): Poaceae, Part 1, pp. 279–282. Oxford University Press, New York, NY.
- 1997. Elymus wawawaiensis: a species hitherto confused with Pseudoroegneria spicata (Triticeae, Poaceae). Phytologia 83:312–330. , and
- 1977. Intermountain Flora: Vascular Plants of the Intermountain West, U.S.A, Vol. 6. Columbia University Press, New York, NY. , , , , and
- 1939. The taxonomy and ecology of Agropyron spicatum and A. inerme. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 66:327–329.
- 1986. Natural Selection in the Wild. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.
- Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI) 2008. ArcGIS Desktop 9.3. Environmental Systems Research Institute, Redlands, CA.
- 2004. Landscape patterns of phenotypic variation and population structuring in a selfing grass, Elymus glaucus (blue wildrye). Canadian Journal of Botany 82:1776–1789. , , and
- 1946. Chromosome numbers in Poa, Agropyron, and Elymus. American Journal of Botany 33:516–531.
- 1964. Forty years of genecology. In J. B. Cragg, ed. Advances in Ecological Research, Vol. 2, pp. 159–247. Academic Press, New York, NY.
- 1991. Are seedlings from small seeds always inferior to seedlings from large seeds? Effects of seed biomass on seedling growth in Pastinaca sativa L. New Phytologist 119:299–305. , , , and
- 2002. Effects of pubescence and waxes on the reflectance of leaves in ultraviolet and photosynthetic wavebands: a comparison of a range of species. Plant, Cell and Environment 25:85–93. , and
- 2010. Genecology of Holodiscus discolor (Rosaceae) in the Pacific Northwest, U.S.A. Restoration Ecology 18:235–243. , , , , and
- 2003. Plant ecotypes: genetic differentiation in the age of ecological restoration. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 18:147–155. , and
- 2010a. What are the best seed sources for ecosystem restoration on BLM and USFS lands? Native Plants Journal 11:117–131. , , , , , and
- 2010b. Mapping genetic variation and seed zones for Bromus carinatus in the Blue Mountains of eastern Oregon, USA. Botany 88:725–736. , , , , and
- 2002. Registration of P-7 bluebunch wheatgrass germplasm. Crop Science 42:1754–1755. , , , , , and
- 2004. Conceptual issues in local adaptation. Ecology Letters 7:1225–1241. , and
- 2009. Regional genetic variation in three native grasses in northern California. Native Plants Journal 10:263–280.
- 2005. ‘How local is local?’ – A review of practical and conceptual issues in the genetics of restoration. Restoration Ecology 13:432–440. , , , and
- 2009. Global patterns in plant height. Journal of Ecology 97:923–932. , , , , , , et al.
- 2004. Ch. 18. Grasses. In S. B. Monsen, R. Stevens, and N. L. Shaw, comps. Restoring Western Ranges and Wildlands. General Technical Report RMRS-GTR 136, vol. 2., pp. 295–424. U. S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fort Collins, CO. , , and
- 1997. Restoration biology: a population biology perspective. Restoration Ecology 5:277–290. , , , , , , et al.
- National Park Service 2006. Management Policies 2006. U.S. Department of Interior, National Park Service, Washington, DC. http://www.nps.gov/policy/MP2006.pdf (accessed on 10 October 2012).
- 2010. Plant guide for bluebunch wheatgrass (Pseudoroegneria spicata). U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service, Idaho and Washington Plant Materials Program. http://www.plant-materials.nrcs.usda.gov/pubs/idpmspg9765.pdf (accessed on 20 September 2012). , , and
- 1987. Ecoregions of the conterminous United States. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 77:118–125.
- 2011. Genetic variation for adaptive traits in bottlebrush squirreltail in the northern Intermountain West, United States. Restoration Ecology 19:460–469. , , and
- 1994a. Adaptation of Picea engelmannii populations in the heterogeneous environments of the Intermountain West. Canadian Journal of Botany 72:1197–1208.
- 1994b. Evolutionary genetics, the biological species, and the ecology of the interior cedar–hemlock forests. In D.M. Baumgartner, J.E. Lotan and J.R. Tonn eds. Proceedings of Interior Cedar–Hemlock–White Pine Forests: Ecology and Management, pp. 91–100. Washington State University, Pullman, WA.
- 2003. The evolution of plant functional variation: traits, spectra, and strategies. International Journal of Plant Sciences 164(3 Suppl.):S143–S164. , , , , , , and
- 2011. Competitive seedlings and inherited traits: a test of rapid evolution of Elymus multisetus (big squirreltail) in response to cheatgrass invasion. Evolutionary Applications 4:485–498. , and
- SAS Institute 2013. SAS/STAT Version 9.2. SAS Institute, Cary, NC.
- 2007. Gene flow and local adaptation in trees. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 38:595–619. , , and
- 1992. Genetic Variation and Seed Transfer Guidelines for Lodgepole Pine in Central Oregon. Research Paper PNW-RP-453. U. S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest, Research Station, Portland, Oregon, 30 p.
- 2005. Genecology of Douglas fir in western Oregon and Washington. Annals of Botany 96:1199–1214. , , and
- 1923. The scope and import of genecology. Hereditas 4:171–176.
- 2010. Integrating environmental and genetic effects to predict responses of tree populations to climate. Ecological Applications 20:153–163. , , and
- 2012. ClimateWNA – High-resolution spatial climate data for western North America. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 51:16–29. , , , and
- 2002. Plant ecological strategies: some leading dimensions of variation between species. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 33:125–159. , , , , and
- 2008. Seed transfer zones for a native grass, Festuca roemeri – genecological evidence. Native Plants Journal 9:28–302. , , , , , and
- 1999. Pseudoroegneria spicata. In Fire Effects Information System [Online]. U. S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/ (accessed on 20 September 2012).