SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

Literature cited

  • Akhurst, R. J., W. James, L. J. Bird, and C. Beard 2003. Resistance to the Cry1Ac δ-endotoxin of Bacillus thuringiensis in the cotton bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 96:12901299.
  • Alcantara, E., A. Estrada, V. Alpuerto, and G. Head 2011. Monitoring Cry1Ab susceptibility in Asian corn borer (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) on Bt corn in the Philippines. Crop Protection 30:554559.
  • Alvi, A. H. K., A. H. Sayyed, M. Naeem, and M. Ali 2012. Field evolved resistance in Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) to Bacillus thuringiensis toxin Cry1Ac in Pakistan. PLoS ONE 7:e47309.
  • An, J. J., Y. L. Gao, K. M. Wu, F. Gould, J. H. Gao, Z. C. Shen, and C. L. Lei 2010. Vip3Aa tolerance response of Helicoverpa armigera populations from a Cry1Ac cotton planting region. Journal of Economic Entomology 103:21692173.
  • Bird, L. J., and R. J. Akhurst 2004. Relative fitness of Cry1A-resistant and -susceptible Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on conventional and transgenic cotton. Journal of Economic Entomology 97:16991709.
  • Bird, L. J., and R. J. Akhurst 2005. Fitness of Cry1A-resistant and -susceptible Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on transgenic cotton with reduced levels of Cry1Ac. Journal of Economic Entomology 98:13111319.
  • Brévault, T., S. Heuberger, M. Zhang, C. Ellers-Kirk, X. Ni, L. Masson, X. Li et al. 2013. Potential shortfall of pyramided transgenic cotton for insect resistance management. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 110:58065811.
  • Carpenter, J. E. 2010. Peer-reviewed surveys indicate positive impact of commercialized GM crops. Nature Biotechnology 28:319321.
  • Carrière, Y., and B. E. Tabashnik 2001. Reversing insect adaptation to transgenic insecticidal plants. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences 268:14751480.
  • Dhurua, S., and G. T. Gujar 2011. Field-evolved resistance to Bt toxin Cry1Ac in the pink bollworm, Pectinophora gossypiella (Saunders)(Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae), from India. Pest Management Science 67:898903.
  • Downes, S., T. Parker, and R. Mahon 2010. Incipient resistance of Helicoverpa punctigera to the Cry2Ab Bt toxin in Bollgard II® cotton. PLoS ONE 5:e12567.
  • Edgerton, M. D. 2012. Transgenic insect resistance traits increase corn yield and yield stability. Nature Biotechnology 30:493496.
  • Estruch, J., G. Warren, M. Mullins, G. Nye, and J. K. Craig 1996. Vip3A, a novel Bacillus thuringiensis vegetative insecticidal protein with a wide spectrum of activities agrainst lepidopteran insects. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 93:53895394.
  • Ferré, J., and J. Van Rie 2002. Biochemistry and genetics of insect resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis. Annual Review of Entomology 47:501533.
  • Gassmann, A. J., J. L. Petzold-Maxwell, R. S. Keweshan, and M. W. Dunbar 2011. Field-evolved resistance to Bt maize by western corn rootworm. PLoS ONE 6:e22629.
  • Gould, F. 1998. Sustainability of transgenic insecticidal cultivars: integrating pest genetics and ecology. Annual Review of Entomology 43:701726.
  • Huang, F. N., M. N. Ghimire, B. R. Leonard, C. Daves, R. Levy, and J. Baldwin 2012. Extended monitoring of resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ab maize in Diatraea saccharalis (Lepidoptera: Crambidae). GM Crops and Food 3:245254.
  • Hutchison, W. D., E. C. Burkness, P. D. Mitchell, R. D. Moon, T. W. Leslie, S. J. Fleischer, M. Abrahamson et al. 2010. Areawide suppression of European corn borer with Bt maize reaps savings to non-Bt maize growers. Science 330:222225.
  • James, C. 2012. Global Status of Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops: 2012. ISAAA Brief No. 44. ISAAA, Ithaca, NY.
  • Janmaat, A. F., and J. Myers 2003. Rapid evolution and the cost of resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis in greenhouse populations of cabbage loopers, Trichoplusia ni. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences 270:22632270.
  • Kathage, J. K., and M. Qaim 2012. Economic impacts and impact dynamics of Bt (Bacillus thuringiensis) cotton in India. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 109:1165211656.
  • Kaur, P., and V. K. Dilawari 2011. Inheritance of resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ac toxin in Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) from India. Pest Management Science 67:12941302.
  • Kranthi, K. R., C. S. Dhawad, S. R. Naidu, K. Mate, G. T. Behere, R. M. Wadaskar, and S. Kranthi 2006. Inheritance of resistance in Indian Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) to Cry1Ac toxin of Bacillus thuringiensis. Crop Protection 25:119124.
  • Lande, R. 1981. The number of genes contributing to quantitative variation between and within populations. Genetics 99:541553.
  • LeOra Software. 2002. Polo Plus, a user's guide to probit and logit analysis. LeOra Software, Berkeley, CA.
  • Li, G. P., K. M. Wu, F. Gould, J. K. Wang, J. Miao, X. W. Gao, and Y. Y. Guo 2007. Increasing tolerance to Cry1Ac cotton from cotton bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera, was confirmed in Bt cotton farming area of China. Ecological Entomology 32:366375.
  • Li, G. P., H. Q. Feng, Y. L. Gao, K. A. C. Wyckhuys, and K. M. Wu 2010. Frequency of Bt resistance alleles in Helicoverpa armigera in the Xinjiang cotton-planting region of China. Environmental Entomology 39:16981704.
  • Liang, G. M., K. M. Wu, H. K. Yu, K. K. Li, X. Feng, and Y. Y. Guo 2008. Changes of inheritance mode and fitness in Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) along with its resistance evolution to Cry1Ac toxin. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 97:142149.
  • Liu, Y., and B. E. Tabashnik 1997. Inheritance of resistance to the Bacillus thuringiensis toxin Cry1C in the diamondback moth. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 63:22182223.
  • Liu, F. Y., Z. P. Xu, Y. C. Zhu, F. N. Huang, Y. H. Wang, H. L. Li, H. Li et al. 2010. Evidence of field-evolved resistance to Cry1Ac-expressing Bt cotton in Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in northern China. Pest Management Science 66:155161.
  • Lu, Y. H., K. M. Wu, Y. Y. Jiang, Y. Y. Guo, and N. Desneux 2012. Widespread adoption of Bt cotton and insecticide decrease promotes biocontrol services. Nature 487:362365.
  • Luo, S. D., K. M. Wu, Y. Tian, G. M. Liang, X. Feng, J. Zhang, and Y. Y. Guo 2007. Cross-resistance studies of Cry1Ac-resistant strains of Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) to Cry2Ab. Journal of Economic Entomology 100:909915.
  • Luttrell, R. G., I. Ali, K. C. Allen, S. Y. Young III, A. Szalanski, K. Williams, G. Lorenz et al. 2004. Resistance to Bt in Arkansas populations of cotton bollworm. In D. A. Richter, ed. Proceedings, 2004 Beltwide Cotton Conferences, 5–9 January 2004, San Antonio, TX, pp. 13731383. National Cotton Council of America, Memphis, TN.
  • Mahon, R. J., K. M. Olsen, K. A. Garsia, and S. R. Young 2007. Resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis toxin Cry2Ab in a strain of Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Australia. Journal of Economic Entomology 100:894902.
  • Mahon, R. J., S. J. Downes, and B. James 2012. Vip3A resistance alleles exist at high levels in Australian targets before release of cotton expressing this toxin. PLoS ONE 7:e39192.
  • Mendelsohn, M., J. Kough, Z. Vaituzis, and K. Matthews 2003. Are Bt crops safe? Nature Biotechnology 21:10031009.
  • Nair, R., V. Kalia, K. K. Aggarwal, and G. T. Gujar 2010. Inheritance of Cry1Ac resistance and associated biological traits in the cotton bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 104:3138.
  • National Research Council. 2010. The Impact of Genetically Engineered Crops on Farm Sustainability in the United States. National Academies Press, Washington, DC.
  • Pardo-López, L., M. Soberón, and A. Bravo 2013. Bacillus thuringiensis insecticidal three-domain toxins: mode of action, insect resistance and consequences for crop protection. FEMS Microbiology Reviews 37:322.
  • Payton, M. E., M. H. Greenstone, and N. Schenker 2003. Overlapping confidence intervals or standard error intervals: what do they mean in terms of statistical significance? Journal of Insect Science 3:34.
  • Rajagopal, R., N. Arora, S. Sivakumar, N. G. Rao, S. A. Nimbalkar, and R. K. Bhatnagar 2009. Resistance of Helicoverpa armigera to Cry1Ac toxin from Bacillus thuringiensis is due to improper processing of the protoxin. Journal of Biological Chemistry 419:309316.
  • Sanahuja, G., R. Banakar, R. Twyman, T. Capell, and P. Christou 2011. Bacillus thuringiensis: a century of research, development and commercial applications. Plant Biotechnology Journal 9:283300.
  • Shanmugam, P. S., R. Balagurunathan, N. Sathiah, and N. G. V. Rao 2007. Inheritance and cross-resistance of Bacillus thuringiensis insecticidal crystal protein Cry1Ac resistance in cotton bollworm Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) population from Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of Pest Science 80:175181.
  • Stone, B. F. 1968. A formula for determining degree of dominance in cases of monofactorial inheritance of resistance to chemicals. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 38:325326.
  • Storer, N. P., J. M. Babcock, M. Schlenz, T. Meade, G. D. Thompson, J. W. Bing, and R. M. Huckaba 2010. Discovery and characterization of field resistance to Bt maize: Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Puerto Rico. Journal of Economic Entomology 103:10311038.
  • Tabashnik, B. E. 1994. Evolution of resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis. Annual Review of Entomology 39:4779.
  • Tabashnik, B. E., N. L. Cushing, and M. W. Johnson 1987. Diamondback moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) resistance to insecticides in Hawaii: intra-island variation and cross-resistance. Journal of Economic Entomology 80:10911099.
  • Tabashnik, B. E., N. L. Cushing, N. Finson, and M. W. Johnson 1990. Field development of resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis in diamondback moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 83:16711676.
  • Tabashnik, B. E., J. M. Schwartz, N. Finson, and M. W. Johnson 1992. Inheritance of resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis in diamondback moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 85:10461055.
  • Tabashnik, B. E., Y. B. Liu, T. J. Dennehy, M. A. Sims, M. S. Sisterson, R. W. Biggs, and Y. Carrière 2002. Inheritance of resistance to Bt toxin Cry1Ac in a field-derived strain of pink bollworm (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 95:10181026.
  • Tabashnik, B. E., F. Gould, and Y. Carrière 2004. Delaying evolution of insect resistance to transgenic crops by decreasing dominance and heritability. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 17:904912.
  • Tabashnik, B. E., A. J. Gassmann, D. W. Crowder, and Y. Carrière 2008. Insect resistance to Bt crops: evidence versus theory. Nature Biotechnology 26:199202.
  • Tabashnik, B. E., G. C. Unnithan, L. Masson, D. W. Crowder, X. Li, and Y. Carrière 2009a. Asymmetrical cross-resistance between Bacillus thuringiensis toxins Cry1Ac and Cry2Ab in pink bollworm. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 106:1188911984.
  • Tabashnik, B. E., J. B. J. Van Rensburg, and Y. Carrière 2009b. Field-evolved insect resistance to Bt crops: definition, theory, and data. Journal of Economic Entomology 102:20112025.
  • Tabashnik, B. E., M. S. Sisterson, P. C. Ellsworth, T. J. Dennehy, L. Antilla, L. Liesner, M. Whitlow et al. 2010. Suppressing resistance to Bt cotton with sterile insect releases. Nature Biotechnology 28:13041307.
  • Tabashnik, B. E., K. Wu, and Y. Wu 2012. Early detection of field-evolved resistance to Bt cotton in China: cotton bollworm and pink bollworm. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 110:301306.
  • Tabashnik, B. E., T. Brévault, and Y. Carrière 2013. Insect resistance to Bt crops: lessons from the first billion acres. Nature Biotechnology 31:510521.
  • Van Rensburg, J. 2007. First report of field resistance by stem borer, Busseola fusca (Fuller) to Bt-transgenic maize. South African Journal of Plant and Soil 24:147151.
  • Wan, P., Y. J. Zhang, K. M. Wu, and M. S. Huang 2005. Seasonal expression profiles of insecticidal protein and control efficacy against Helicoverpa armigera for Bt cotton in the Yangtze River valley of China. Journal of Economic Entomology 98:195201.
  • Wan, P., Y. X. Huang, H. H. Wu, M. S. Huang, S. B. Cong, B. E. Tabashnik, and K. M. Wu 2012. Increased frequency of pink bollworm resistance to Bt toxin Cry1Ac in China. PLoS ONE 7:e29975.
  • Wu, K. M., and Y. Y. Guo 2005. The evolution of cotton pest management practices in China. Annual Review of Entomology 50:3152.
  • Wu, K., Y. Y. Guo, and N. Lv 1999. Geographic variation in susceptibility of Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) to Bacillus thuringiensis insecticidal protein in China. Journal of Economic Entomology 92:273278.
  • Wu, K. M., Y. H. Lu, H. Q. Feng, Y. Y. Jiang, and J. Z. Zhao 2008. Suppression of cotton bollworm in multiple crops in China in areas with Bt toxin-containing cotton. Science 321:16761678.
  • Xu, X. J., L. Y. Yu, and Y. D. Wu 2005. Disruption of a cadherin gene associated with resistance to Cry1Ac δ-endotoxin of Bacillus thuringiensis in Helicoverpa armigera. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 71:948954.
  • Yang, Y. J., H. Y. Chen, Y. D. Wu, Y. H. Yang, and S. W. Wu 2007. Mutated cadherin alleles from a field population of Helicoverpa armigera confer resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis toxin Cry1Ac. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 73:69396944.
  • Yang, Y. H., Y. J. Yang, W. Y. Gao, J. J. Guo, Y. H. Wu, and Y. D. Wu 2009. Introgression of a disrupted cadherin gene enables susceptible Helicoverpa armigera to obtain resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis toxin Cry1Ac. Bulletin of Entomological Research 99:175181.
  • Zhang, H. N., W. Yin, J. Zhao, L. Jin, Y. H. Yang, S. W. Wu, B. E. Tabashnik et al. 2011. Early warning of cotton bollworm resistance associated with intensive planting of Bt cotton in China. PLoS ONE 6:e22874.
  • Zhang, H. N., W. Tian, J. Zhao, L. Jin, J. Yang, C. H. Liu, Y. H. Yang et al. 2012a. Diverse genetic basis of field-evolved resistance to Bt cotton in cotton bollworm from China. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 109:1027510280.
  • Zhang, H. N., S. W. Wu, Y. H. Yang, B. E. Tabashnik, and Y. D. Wu 2012b. Non-recessive Bt toxin resistance conferred by an intracellular cadherin mutation in field-selected populations of cotton bollworm. PLoS ONE 7:e53418.
  • Zhao, J.-Z., J. Cao, H. L. Collins, S. L. Bates, R. T. Roush, E. D. Earle, and A. M. Shelton 2005. Concurrent use of transgenic plants expressing a single and two Bacillus thuringiensis genes speeds insect adaptation to pyramided plants. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 102:84268430.