Transcriptomic responses to high water temperature in two species of Pacific salmon
Article first published online: 12 NOV 2013
© 2013 The Authors. Evolutionary Applications published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Volume 7, Issue 2, pages 286–300, February 2014
How to Cite
Jeffries, K. M., Hinch, S. G., Sierocinski, T., Pavlidis, P. and Miller, K. M. (2014), Transcriptomic responses to high water temperature in two species of Pacific salmon. Evolutionary Applications, 7: 286–300. doi: 10.1111/eva.12119
- Issue published online: 27 JAN 2014
- Article first published online: 12 NOV 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 18 SEP 2013
- Manuscript Received: 28 FEB 2013
- University of British Columbia Animal Ethics Committee. Grant Number: A08-0388-010
- NSERC Strategic and Discovery grants
- Genome BC grant
- climate change;
- ecological genomics;
- Oncorhynchus gorbuscha ;
- Oncorhynchus nerka ;
- premature mortality;
- spawning migration
Characterizing the cellular stress response (CSR) of species at ecologically relevant temperatures is useful for determining whether populations and species can successfully respond to current climatic extremes and future warming. In this study, populations of wild-caught adult pink (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) and sockeye (Oncorhynchus nerka) salmon from the Fraser River, British Columbia, Canada, were experimentally treated to ecologically relevant ‘cool’ or ‘warm’ water temperatures to uncover common transcriptomic responses to elevated water temperature in non-lethally sampled gill tissue. We detected the differential expression of 49 microarray features (29 unique annotated genes and one gene with unknown function) associated with protein folding, protein synthesis, metabolism, oxidative stress and ion transport that were common between populations and species of Pacific salmon held at 19°C compared with fish held at a cooler temperature (13 or 14°C). There was higher mortality in fish held at 19°C, which suggests a possible relationship between a temperature-induced CSR and mortality in these species. Our results suggest that frequently encountered water temperatures ≥19°C, which are capable of inducing a common CSR across species and populations, may increase risk of upstream spawning migration failure for pink and sockeye salmon.