Removal of cystic calculi using a transinguinal laparoscopic-assisted technique in two stallions

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Summary

A 12-year-old donkey and a 6-year-old Connemara pony, both sexually intact males, were admitted for surgical removal of urinary calculi. Both underwent a laparoscopic-assisted cystotomy technique to exteriorise the bladder and remove uroliths via the inguinal canal after hemi-castration. Both surgeries were successful and no complications occurred. This modified technique, which is minimally invasive, may be a safe and efficient way to remove bladder stones from adult stallions.

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