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Keywords:

  • horse;
  • caecum;
  • colic;
  • emphysema;
  • peritonitis

Summary

This case report describes retroperitoneal and subserosal emphysema as the primary indication of a caecal perforation associated with an episode of colic. Feed contamination was not noted on repeated peritoneal fluid samples or within the peritoneal cavity at the time of surgery; however, subserosal and retroperitoneal emphysema at the base of the caecum was identified during surgical exploration, which later corresponded to retroperitoneal caecal perforation at necropsy examination.