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Keywords:

  • horse;
  • castration;
  • complications;
  • reproduction

Summary

Complications associated with castration occur commonly and, although the majority are mild and resolve easily, potentially life-threatening complications can occur. The preoperative identification of risk factors for these complications can help the veterinarian to take the appropriate measures to reduce these risks. However, even with proper surgical technique, complications can occur. Therefore prompt recognition and initiation of appropriate therapy are essential to prevent further morbidity, death or lawsuits.