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References

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    Bathe, A.P. (1994) 245 Fractures in Thoroughbred racehorses: results of a 2-year prospective study in Newmarket. Proc. Am. Assoc. Equine Practnrs. 40, 175.
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    Johnson, B.J., Stover, S.M., Daft, B.M., Kinde, H., Read, D.H., Barr, B.C., Anderson, M., Moore, J., Woods, L. and Stoltz, J. (1994) Causes of death in racehorses over a 2 year period. Equine Vet. J. 26, 327-330.
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    Parkin, T., French, N., Riggs, C., Morgan, K., Clegg, P., Proudman, C., Singer, E.R. and Webbon, P.M. (2004) Risk of fatal distal limb fractures among thoroughbreds involved in the five types of racing in the United Kingdom. Vet. Rec. 154, 493-497.
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    Holcombe, S.J., Schneider, R.K., Bramlage, L.R., Gabel, A.A., Bertone, A.L. and Beard, W.L. (1995) Lag screw fixation of noncomminuted sagittal fractures of the proximal phalanx in racehorses: 59 cases (1973–1991). J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 206, 1195-1199.
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    Smith, M.R.W. and Wright, I.M. (2013) Are there radiologically identifiable prodromal changes in Thoroughbred racehorses with parasagittal fractures of the proximal phalanx? Equine Vet. J. 46, 88-91.
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    Nixon, A.J., Watkins, J.P. and Auer, J.A. (1996) Principles of fracture fixation. In: Equine Fracture Repair, Ed: A.J. Nixon, W. B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. pp 63-86.
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    Fackelman, G. (1973) Sagittal fractures of the first phalanx (P1) in the horse: fixation by the lag screw principle. Vet. Med. Small Anim. Clin. 68, 622-636.
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    Richardson, D.W. (1984) Medial condylar fractures of the third metatarsal bone in horses. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 185, 761-765.
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    Rahn, B.A. (2002) Bone healing: histologic and physiologic concepts. In: Bone in Clinical Orthopedics, 2nd edn., Ed: G.E. Fackelman, George Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart. pp 287-326.
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    Bassage, L.H. and Richardson, D.W. (1998) Longitudinal fractures of the condyles of the third metacarpal and metatarsal bones in racehorses: 224 cases (1986–1995). J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 212, 1757-1764.
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    Zekas, L.J., Bramlage, L.R., Embertson, R.M. and Hance, S.R. (1999) Results of treatment of 145 fractures of the third metacarpal/metatarsal condyles in 135 horses (1986–1994). Equine Vet. J. 31, 309-313.
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    Rick, M.C., O'Brien, T.R., Pool, R.R. and Meagher, D. (1983) Condylar fractures of the third metacarpal bone and third metatarsal bone in 75 horses: radiographic features, treatments, and outcome. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 183, 287-296.