Center for Research on Families, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003.
Work Conditions and Mental Health in Lesbian and Gay Dual-Earner Parents
Article first published online: 5 NOV 2013
© 2013 by the National Council on Family Relations
Volume 62, Issue 5, pages 727–740, December 2013
How to Cite
Goldberg, A. E. and Smith, J. Z. (2013), Work Conditions and Mental Health in Lesbian and Gay Dual-Earner Parents. Family Relations, 62: 727–740. doi: 10.1111/fare.12042
- Issue published online: 5 NOV 2013
- Article first published online: 5 NOV 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 2 APR 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 26 MAR 2013
- Manuscript Received: 18 JUL 2012
- internalized homophobia;
- mental health;
- work conditions
This is the first study to examine the relationship between work conditions and mental health in dual-earner lesbian/gay parents (N = 86). How time- and strain-based demands (work hours, job urgency) and supportive resources (supervisor support, lesbian, gay, bisexual [LGB]-friendly workplace climate) are examined, as well as outness at work and internalized homophobia, and how they relate to depressive and anxious symptoms. Supervisor support was negatively related to mental health problems, such that parents with greater support reported fewer depressive/anxious symptoms. The relationship between urgency and mental health depended on climate: working a high-urgency job was associated with more depressive symptoms for parents in very LGB-unfriendly workplaces, and with fewer anxious symptoms for parents in very LGB-friendly workplaces. The relationship between outness and mental health depended on internalized homophobia: being very out at work was associated with higher depressive/anxious symptoms for parents reporting high internalized homophobia. Gay men reported higher levels of symptoms than lesbians.