The treatment and diagnosis of temporomandibular disorders using high-tech devices
Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is a collective term that embraces a number of clinical problems involving the masticatory muscles, jaw joint, associated structures or a combination of these structures. There are a number of devices currently utilised by dentists that claim to diagnose, treat, cure or ameliorate the symptoms of TMD.
To critically evaluate the evidence of safety and effectiveness for commonly used electronic diagnostic and treatment devices for TMD.
PubMed and the authors' extensive library were searched for studies evaluating the safety and/or effectiveness of electronic diagnostic and treatment devices for TMD. Only controlled studies involving human subjects were included.
Thirty-six articles were reviewed. The quality of the articles varied with the most rigorous studies presenting negative conclusions concerning the usefulness of high-tech devices for the treatment and diagnosis of temporomandibular disorder.
The scientific literature does not support the use of electronic diagnostic and treatment devices for TMD.