SRMS (Src-related tyrosine kinase lacking C-terminal regulatory tyrosine and N-terminal myristoylation sites) belongs to a family of nonreceptor tyrosine kinases, which also includes breast tumour kinase and Fyn-related kinase. SRMS, similar to breast tumour kinase and Fyn-related kinase, harbours a Src homology 3 and Src homology 2, as well as a protein kinase domain. However, unlike breast tumour kinase and Fyn-related kinase, SRMS lacks a C-terminal regulatory tail but distinctively possesses an extended N-terminal region. Both breast tumour kinase and Fyn-related kinase play opposing roles in cell proliferation and signalling. SRMS, however, is an understudied member of this family. Although cloned in 1994, information on the biochemical, cellular and physiological roles of SRMS remains unreported. The present study is the first to explore the expression pattern of SRMS in breast cancers, its enzymatic activity and autoregulatory elements, and the characterization of docking protein 1 as its first bonafide substrate. We found that, similar to breast tumour kinase, SRMS is highly expressed in most breast cancers compared to normal mammary cell lines and tissues. We generated a series of SRMS point and deletion mutants and assessed enzymatic activity, subcellular localization and substrate recognition. We report for the first time that ectopically-expressed SRMS is constitutively active and that its N-terminal region regulates the enzymatic activity of the protein. Finally, we present evidence indicating that docking protein 1 is a direct substrate of SRMS. Our data demonstrate that, unlike members of the Src family, the enzymatic activity of SRMS is regulated by the intramolecular interactions involving the N-terminus of the enzyme and that docking protein 1 is a bona fide substrate of SRMS.
Structured digital abstract
- SRMS physically interacts with Dok-1 by pull down (View Interaction: 1, 2)
- Dok-1 physically interacts with SRMS by anti bait coimmunoprecipitation (View Interaction: 1, 2, 3)
- SRMS phosphorylates Dok-1 by protein kinase assay (View interaction)
- Dok-1 physically interacts with SRMS by anti tag coimmunoprecipitation (View interaction)