• 1
    Friedman M (1996) Food browning and its prevention: an overview. J Agric Food Chem 44, 631653.
  • 2
    Narváez-Cuenca C-E, Kuijpers TFM, Vincken J-P, de Waard P & Gruppen H (2011) New insights into an ancient antibrowning agent: formation of sulfophenolics in sodium hydrogen sulfite-treated potato extracts. J Agric Food Chem 59, 1024710255.
  • 3
    Kuijpers TFM, Narváez-Cuenca C-E, Vincken J-P, Verloop AJW, van Berkel WJH & Gruppen H (2012) Inhibition of enzymatic browning of chlorogenic acid by sulfur-containing compounds. J Agric Food Chem 60, 35073514.
  • 4
    van Gelder CWG, Flurkey WH & Wichers HJ (1997) Sequence and structural features of plant and fungal tyrosinases. Phytochemistry 45, 13091323.
  • 5
    Yoruk R & Marshall MR (2003) Physicochemical properties and function of plant polyphenol oxidase: a review. J Food Biochem 27, 361422.
  • 6
    Ismaya WT, Rozeboom HJ, Weijn A, Mes JJ, Fusetti F, Wichers HJ & Dijkstra BW (2011) Crystal structure of Agaricus bisporus mushroom tyrosinase: identity of the tetramer subunits and interaction with tropolone. Biochemistry (Mosc) 50, 54775486.
  • 7
    Virador VM, Reyes Grajeda JP, Blanco-Labra A, Mendiola-Olaya E, Smith GM, Moreno A & Whitaker JR (2010) Cloning, sequencing, purification, and crystal structure of grenache (Vitis vinifera) polyphenol oxidase. J Agric Food Chem 58, 11891201.
  • 8
    Klabunde T, Eicken C, Sacchettini JC & Krebs B (1998) Crystal structure of a plant catechol oxidase containing a dicopper center. Nat Struct Biol 5, 10841090.
  • 9
    Lerch K (1982) Primary structure of tyrosinase from Neurospora crassa. II. Complete amino acid sequence and chemical structure of a tripeptide containing an unusual thioether. J Biol Chem 257, 64146419.
  • 10
    Sánchez-Ferrer Á, Neptuno Rodríguez-López J, García-Cánovas F & García-Carmona F (1995) Tyrosinase: a comprehensive review of its mechanism. Biochim Biophys Acta 1247, 111.
  • 11
    Park Y-D, Lee S-J, Park K-H, S-y Kim, Hahn M-J & Yang J-M (2003) Effect of thiohydroxyl compounds on tyrosinase: inactivation and reactivation study. J Protein Chem 22, 613623.
  • 12
    Winder AJ & Harris H (1991) New assays for the tyrosine hydroxylase and dopa oxidase activities of tyrosinase. Eur J Biochem 198, 317326.
  • 13
    Moridani MY, Scobie H, Jamshidzadeh A, Salehi P & O'Brien PJ (2001) Caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, and dihydrocaffeic acid metabolism: glutathione conjugate formation. Drug Metab Disposition 29, 14321439.
  • 14
    Moridani MY, Scobie H, Salehi P & O'Brien PJ (2001) Catechin metabolism: glutathione conjugate formation catalyzed by tyrosinase, peroxidase, and cytochrome P450. Chem Res Toxicol 14, 841848.
  • 15
    Flurkey A, Cooksey J, Reddy A, Spoonmore K, Rescigno A, Inlow J & Flurkey WH (2008) Enzyme, protein, carbohydrate, and phenolic contaminants in commercial tyrosinase preparations: potential problems affecting tyrosinase activity and inhibition studies. J Agric Food Chem 56, 47604768.
  • 16
    Neeley E, Fritch G, Fuller A, Wolfe J, Wright J & Flurkey W (2009) Variations in IC50 values with purity of mushroom tyrosinase. Int J Mol Sci 10, 38113823.
  • 17
    Gielens C, Idakieva K, De Maeyer M, Van den Bergh V, Siddiqui NI & Compernolle F (2007) Conformational stabilization at the active site of molluskan (Rapana thomasiana) hemocyanin by a cysteine–histidine thioether bridge: a study by mass spectrometry and molecular modeling. Peptides 28, 790797.
  • 18
    Friedman M, Grosjean OK & Zahnley JC (1986) Inactivation of metalloenzymes by lysinoalanine, phenylethylaminoalanine, alkali-treated food proteins, and sulfur amino acids. Adv Exp Med Biol 199, 531560.
  • 19
    Krȩżel A, Leśniak W, Jeżowska-Bojczuk M, Młynarz P, Brasuñ J, Kozłowski H & Bal W (2001) Coordination of heavy metals by dithiothreitol, a commonly used thiol group protectant. J Inorg Biochem 84, 7788.
  • 20
    Meyer TE, Bartsch RG & Cusanovich MA (1991) Adduct formation between sulfite and the flavin of phototrophic bacterial flavocytochromes c. Kinetics of sequential bleach, recolor, and rebleach of flavin as a function of pH. Biochemistry (Mosc) 30, 88408845.
  • 21
    Massey V, Müller F, Feldberg R, Schuman M, Sullivan PA, Howell LG, Mayhew SG, Matthews RG & Foust GP (1969) The reactivity of flavoproteins with sulfite: possible relevance to the problem of oxygen reactivity. J Biol Chem 244, 39994006.
  • 22
    Schurink M, van Berkel WJH, Wichers HJ & Boeriu CG (2007) Novel peptides with tyrosinase inhibitory activity. Peptides 28, 485495.
  • 23
    Baez S, Linderson Y & Segura-Aguilar J (1994) Superoxide dismutase and catalase prevent the formation of reactive oxygen species during reduction of cyclized dopa ortho-quinone by DT-diaphorase. Chem Biol Interact 93, 103116.
  • 24
    Larkin MA, Blackshields G, Brown NP, Chenna R, McGettigan PA, McWilliam H, Valentin F, Wallace IM, Wilm A, Lopez R et al. (2007) Clustal W and Clustal X version 2.0. Bioinformatics 23, 29472948.