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FEMS Microbiology Reviews

Cover image for Vol. 36 Issue 1

Special Issue: Microbial Development

January 2012

Volume 36, Issue 1

Pages 1–267

  1. Review Articles

    1. Top of page
    2. Review Articles
    1. You have free access to this content
      Coordination of secondary metabolism and development in fungi: the velvet family of regulatory proteins (pages 1–24)

      Özgür Bayram and Gerhard H. Braus

      Version of Record online: 13 JUL 2011 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1574-6976.2011.00285.x

      The velvet family proteins have been the focus of fungal research in last decade. They are at the interface between development, sporulation and secondary metabolism. Molecular mechanism underlying the control of coordination of morphological and chemical development in fungi are emerging. This review summarizes the recent progress in our understanding of the function of the conserved velvet complex.

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      Choosing the right lifestyle: adhesion and development in Saccharomyces cerevisiae (pages 25–58)

      Stefan Brückner and Hans-Ulrich Mösch

      Version of Record online: 20 MAY 2011 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1574-6976.2011.00275.x

      In response to the environment, Saccharomyces cerevisiae can choose between different lifestyles, whose development depends on cell adhesion. This review summarizes the current knowledge on adhesin protein structure and function and the signaling network for their regulation.

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      Fungal development of the plant pathogen Ustilago maydis (pages 59–77)

      Evelyn Vollmeister, Kerstin Schipper, Sebastian Baumann, Carl Haag, Thomas Pohlmann, Janpeter Stock and Michael Feldbrügge

      Version of Record online: 1 AUG 2011 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1574-6976.2011.00296.x

      In the postgenomic era new regulatory mechanisms of developmental processes in Ustilago maydis have been uncovered at the transcriptional, post-transcriptional and post-translational level.

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      Profiling a killer, the development of Cryptococcus neoformans (pages 78–94)

      Lukasz Kozubowski and Joseph Heitman

      Version of Record online: 4 JUL 2011 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1574-6976.2011.00286.x

      In this review, we present the most interesting aspects and questions regarding the development of a human fungal pathogen Cryptococcus neoformans.

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      The circadian clock of Neurospora crassa (pages 95–110)

      Christopher L. Baker, Jennifer J. Loros and Jay C. Dunlap

      Version of Record online: 1 AUG 2011 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1574-6976.2011.00288.x

      The Neurospora circadian rhythm is controlled through a negative feedback loop centered on the rhythmic production and phosphorylation of the protein FREQUENCY.

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      Chronicle of a death foretold: Plasmodium liver stage parasites decide on the fate of the host cell (pages 111–130)

      Stefanie Graewe, Rebecca R. Stanway, Annika Rennenberg and Volker T. Heussler

      Version of Record online: 9 AUG 2011 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1574-6976.2011.00297.x

      During the last decade many surprising facts about exoerythrocytic development of Plasmodium parasites have been revealed and will be discussed.

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      Recent progress in Bacillus subtilis sporulation (pages 131–148)

      Douglas Higgins and Jonathan Dworkin

      Version of Record online: 25 OCT 2011 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1574-6976.2011.00310.x

      We describe progress over the past ~5 years in understanding the process of sporulation in Bacillus subtilis.

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      From individual cell motility to collective behaviors: insights from a prokaryote, Myxococcus xanthus (pages 149–164)

      Yong Zhang, Adrien Ducret, Joshua Shaevitz and Tâm Mignot

      Version of Record online: 3 OCT 2011 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1574-6976.2011.00307.x

      Myxococcus motility is regulated at multiple levels leading to coherent multicellular behaviours.

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      Sexual development and cryptic sexuality in fungi: insights from Aspergillus species (pages 165–192)

      Paul S. Dyer and Céline M. O'Gorman

      Version of Record online: 6 OCT 2011 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1574-6976.2011.00308.x

      Sexual reproduction in the filamentous fungal genus Aspergillus is reviewed, with detailed descriptions of a series of over 75 genes known to be associated with sexual morphogenesis and a new schematic developmental network presented, together with discussion of the recent discoveries of cryptic sexuality in certain aspergilli.

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      Decoding Caulobacter development (pages 193–205)

      Clare L. Kirkpatrick and Patrick H. Viollier

      Version of Record online: 24 OCT 2011 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1574-6976.2011.00309.x

      New findings detailing how the developmental program is modulated by factors such as the environment or the metabolic state of the cell are discussed.

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      Signals and regulators that govern Streptomyces development (pages 206–231)

      Joseph R. McCormick and Klas Flärdh

      Version of Record online: 2 DEC 2011 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1574-6976.2011.00317.x

      This article reviews the current understanding of how mophological development is regulated for Streptomyces coelicolor, model for the genus of life's most amazing biochemists.

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      Molecular mechanisms of compartmentalization and biomineralization in magnetotactic bacteria (pages 232–255)

      Arash Komeili

      Version of Record online: 12 DEC 2011 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1574-6976.2011.00315.x

      The latest breakthroughs in understanding the molecular mechanisms of organelle formation and magnetic mineral formation by magnetotactic bacteria are presented in this article.

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      A growing family: the expanding universe of the bacterial cytoskeleton (pages 256–267)

      Michael Ingerson-Mahar and Zemer Gitai

      Version of Record online: 28 NOV 2011 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1574-6976.2011.00316.x

      The identification of the FtsZ tubulin homolog, the MreB actin homolog, and the crescentin intermediate filament homolog represented breakthroughs that established the importance of the bacterial cytoskeleton. However, recent studies demonstrate that these proteins only represent the tip of the cytoskeletal iceberg. There are many diverse homologs of actin, tubulin, and intermediate filaments in bacteria. Moreover, bacteria possess additional cytoskeletal elements such as WACAs and bactofilins not found in eukaryotes. Finally, new ubiquitously-conserved cytoskeletal elements are being discovered. For example, many metabolic enzymes appear to form filaments and some, like CTP Synthase, can be repurposed for structural functions.