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FEMS Microbiology Reviews

Cover image for Vol. 36 Issue 5

September 2012

Volume 36, Issue 5

Pages 917–1022

  1. Review Articles

    1. Top of page
    2. Review Articles
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      Microbial antigenic variation mediated by homologous DNA recombination (pages 917–948)

      Cornelis Vink, Gloria Rudenko and H. Steven Seifert

      Version of Record online: 17 JAN 2012 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1574-6976.2011.00321.x

      One-sentence summary

      In this review, gene conversion mechanisms are described that induce antigenic variation in a wide range of human cellular pathogens, including bacteria, fungi and parasites.

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      From meadows to milk to mucosa adaptation of Streptococcus and Lactococcus species to their nutritional environments (pages 949–971)

      Claire E. Price, Araz Zeyniyev, Oscar P. Kuipers and Jan Kok

      Version of Record online: 30 JAN 2012 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1574-6976.2011.00323.x

      One sentence summary

      The central metabolic pathways of the closely related genera Lactococcus and Streptococcus are reviewed with a focus on the adaptations to nutrient'rich environments.

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      Multi-species biofilms: how to avoid unfriendly neighbors (pages 972–989)

      Olaya Rendueles and Jean-Marc Ghigo

      Version of Record online: 8 MAR 2012 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1574-6976.2012.00328.x

      This review describes how nonbiocidal competitive interactions can profoundly impact on microbial behavior in biofilm environments and discusses the potential biological roles and use of bio'active molecules targeting adhesion and biofilm formation without affecting growth and overall bacterial fitness.

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      Multi-species biofilms: living with friendly neighbors (pages 990–1004)

      Sivan Elias and Ehud Banin

      Version of Record online: 2 FEB 2012 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1574-6976.2012.00325.x

      The current review examines the interactions occurring within multi'species biofilms and their effect on the nature and physiology of the mixed community.

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      Compartmentalization and spatiotemporal organization of macromolecules in bacteria (pages 1005–1022)

      Sutharsan Govindarajan, Keren Nevo-Dinur and Orna Amster-Choder

      Version of Record online: 1 AUG 2012 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1574-6976.2012.00348.x

      Studies in the last decade completely changed our view of bacterial cells from ‘noncompartmentalized vessels’, in which macromolecules are randomly distributed, to cells with intricate higher'order organization that contain subcellular domains and compartments to which proteins and mRNAs are targeted.