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FEMS Microbiology Reviews

Cover image for Vol. 37 Issue 5

Special Issue: Host-associated microbiota: impact on health and disease

September 2013

Volume 37, Issue 5

Pages 633–848

  1. Editorial

    1. Top of page
    2. Editorial
    3. Review Articles
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      The bugs within – interdisciplinary approaches to studying host-associated microbiota (page 633)

      Sebastian Suerbaum

      Version of Record online: 23 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/1574-6976.12033

  2. Review Articles

    1. Top of page
    2. Editorial
    3. Review Articles
    1. You have free access to this content
      The rhizosphere microbiome: significance of plant beneficial, plant pathogenic, and human pathogenic microorganisms (pages 634–663)

      Rodrigo Mendes, Paolina Garbeva and Jos M. Raaijmakers

      Version of Record online: 22 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/1574-6976.12028

      In this review, we focus on the frequency, diversity and activities of beneficial (‘the good’), plant pathogenic (‘the bad’) and human pathogenic (‘the ugly’) microorganisms in the rhizosphere and how they impact on health and disease. Specific attention is given to mechanisms involved in multitrophic interactions and chemical dialogues that occur in the rhizosphere. Finally, we discuss strategies to re–direct or re–shape the rhizosphere microbiome in favour of those microbes that are beneficial to plant growth and health.

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      The complex microbiota of raw milk (pages 664–698)

      Lisa Quigley, Orla O'Sullivan, Catherine Stanton, Tom P. Beresford, R. Paul Ross, Gerald F. Fitzgerald and Paul D. Cotter

      Version of Record online: 24 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/1574-6976.12030

      Here, we review what is known about the microorganisms present in raw milk with respect to their identity, source, technological and functional importance, as well the consequences of their presence in terms of spoilage, safety and human health.

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      The gut microbiota of insects – diversity in structure and function (pages 699–735)

      Philipp Engel and Nancy A. Moran

      Version of Record online: 17 JUN 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/1574-6976.12025

      Different insect groups are host to a broad diversity of gut microbial communities, which vary in complexity, extent of adaptation to the host gut environment, and roles in host ecology and function.

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      Survival in hostile territory: the microbiota of the stomach (pages 736–761)

      Ines Yang, Sandra Nell and Sebastian Suerbaum

      Version of Record online: 22 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/1574-6976.12027

      In this review, we discuss the microbiota of the human stomach and in the stomach of selected animals used to model host–microorganism interactions in the complex multilayered gastric niche.

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      Vaginal microbiota and its role in HIV transmission and infection (pages 762–792)

      Mariya I. Petrova, Marianne van den Broek, Jan Balzarini, Jos Vanderleyden and Sarah Lebeer

      Version of Record online: 25 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/1574-6976.12029

      Human endogenous vaginal and gastrointestinal tract microbiota are considered as important factors affecting the prevention and progression of HIV infection, which stimulates focused research on the potential health benefits of exogenously applied Lactobacillus strains as probiotics.

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      Colonization resistance and microbial ecophysiology: using gnotobiotic mouse models and single-cell technology to explore the intestinal jungle (pages 793–829)

      Bärbel Stecher, David Berry and Alexander Loy

      Version of Record online: 5 JUN 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/1574-6976.12024

      Recent technological advances in microbial ecology are opening up new avenues for the analysis of intestinal ecophysiology and are yielding novel insights into colonization resistance against infections and other important processes related to the complex interplay of host, symbiotic microbiota and pathogens.

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      Quantifying the metabolic activities of human-associated microbial communities across multiple ecological scales (pages 830–848)

      Corinne F. Maurice and Peter J. Turnbaugh

      Version of Record online: 22 APR 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/1574-6976.12022

      A variety of spatial scales, ranging from single cells to microbial communities to host populations, are necessary to fully appreciate the metabolic activities of the human microbiome.