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FEMS Microbiology Reviews

Cover image for Vol. 38 Issue 1

January 2014

Volume 38, Issue 1

Pages i–ii, 1–141

  1. Issue Information

    1. Top of page
    2. Issue Information
    3. Review Articles
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      Issue Information (pages i–ii)

      Article first published online: 6 JAN 2014 | DOI: 10.1111/1574-6976.12037

  2. Review Articles

    1. Top of page
    2. Issue Information
    3. Review Articles
    1. You have free access to this content
      Microbial source tracking markers for detection of fecal contamination in environmental waters: relationships between pathogens and human health outcomes (pages 1–40)

      Valerie J. Harwood, Christopher Staley, Brian D. Badgley, Kim Borges and Asja Korajkic

      Article first published online: 7 AUG 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/1574-6976.12031

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      This review of microbial source tracking (MST) methods for determining the dominant sources of fecal pollution in environmental waters focuses on qPCR-based assays, method performance, and the relationship of MST markers to fecal indicator bacteria, pathogens, and human health outcomes.

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      Drug resistance in vectorborne parasites: multiple actors and scenarios for an evolutionary arms race (pages 41–55)

      Manu Vanaerschot, Silvie Huijben, Frederik Van den Broeck and Jean-Claude Dujardin

      Article first published online: 22 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/1574-6976.12032

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      This review demonstrates the multiplicity of scenarios that occur during the natural history of drug resistance in vectorborne parasites, which not only result from the biological diversity of the different organisms (such as their genome organisation, reproduction mode and life-cycle characteristics), but also from the different modes of action of the drugs used (targeting vulnerable points of their metabolism or key natural defences of the pathogens and thus further boosting pre-existing adaptations), their own specific within- and between-host ecology and environmental factors acting directly (e.g. chemical pollution) or indirectly (through an effect on transmission) on the parasites.

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      Structural diversity in Salmonella O antigens and its genetic basis (pages 56–89)

      Bin Liu, Yuriy A. Knirel, Lu Feng, Andrei V. Perepelov, Sof'ya N. Senchenkova, Peter R. Reeves and Lei Wang

      Article first published online: 2 AUG 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/1574-6976.12034

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      In this review, we systematically analyzed and summarized Salmonella O-antigen diversity including the chemical structures, gene cluster sequences, and evolutionary aspects.

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      Interactions in the microbiome: communities of organisms and communities of genes (pages 90–118)

      Eva Boon, Conor J. Meehan, Chris Whidden, Dennis H.-J. Wong, Morgan G.I. Langille and Robert G. Beiko

      Article first published online: 28 AUG 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/1574-6976.12035

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      Progress in our understanding of microbial communities requires clearly articulated and applied definitions of communities and the entities that constitute them, as well as new approaches that directly address the mechanisms of microbial interactions.

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      The role of variable DNA tandem repeats in bacterial adaptation (pages 119–141)

      Kai Zhou, Abram Aertsen and Chris W. Michiels

      Article first published online: 28 AUG 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/1574-6976.12036

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      Variable DNA tandem repeats are widespread mutational hotspots in bacterial genomes and play an important role in bacterial adaptation.

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