Bottom-up effects of lake sediment on pelagic food-web compartments: a mesocosm study

Authors

  • Loïc Harrault,

    Corresponding author
    1. Université Pierre et Marie Curie, UMR CNRS 7618 – Bioemco, Paris Cedex05, France
    2. Université Rennes 1, UMR CNRS 6118 – Géosciences Rennes, Campus de Beaulieu, Rennes Cedex, France
    3. Ecole Normale Supérieure, UMR CNRS 7618 – Bioemco, Paris, France
    • Correspondence: Loïc Harrault, Université Rennes 1, UMR CNRS 6118 – Géosciences Rennes, Campus de Beaulieu, Rennes Cedex, France.

      E-mail: loic.harrault@gmail.com

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  • Béatrice Allard,

    1. Université Pierre et Marie Curie, UMR CNRS 7618 – Bioemco, Paris Cedex05, France
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  • Jacques Mériguet,

    1. Ecole Normale Supérieure, UMR CNRS 7618 – Bioemco, Paris, France
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  • David Carmignac,

    1. Ecole Normale Supérieure, UMR CNRS 7618 – Bioemco, Paris, France
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  • Sylvain Huon,

    1. Université Pierre et Marie Curie, UMR CNRS 7618 – Bioemco, Paris Cedex05, France
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  • Benoit Gauzens,

    1. Ecole Normale Supérieure, UMR CNRS 7618 – Bioemco, Paris, France
    2. Université Rennes 1, UMR CNRS 6553 ECOBIO, Campus de Beaulieu, Rennes Cedex, France
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  • Gérard Lacroix

    1. CNRS, UMR iEES – Paris, Institute of Ecology and Environmental Sciences – Paris, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France
    2. Ecole Normale Supérieure, UMS CNRS 3194 – CEREEP – Ecotron IleDeFrance, St-Pierre-lès-Nemours, France
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Summary

  1. Sediment plays a key role in organic matter (OM) and internal nutrient cycling in lakes. The role of sediment as a source of OM and its potential bottom-up effects on the pelagic food web have rarely been studied. Particularly, the influence of the biochemical composition of sediment OM on pelagic compartments remains largely unknown.

  2. During a 5-month experiment, we studied the influence of two different sediments added at the bottom of large replicated mesocosms on the biomass of seston and zooplankton, and their elemental and lipid compositions. The influence of sediment treatments on sedimentation rates, elemental and biochemical compositions and potential biodegradability of recently sedimented OM (c. 1 week) was also examined.

  3. The two added sediments (S1 and S2) presented contrasting elemental and biochemical compositions and potential biodegradabilities. According to their contents of organic carbon, nitrogen, proteins, sugars and polyunsaturated fatty acids, S2 appeared to be much more biodegradable than S1. Therefore, the S2 sediment was expected to release more nutrients and OM to the water column than S1, leading to changes in communities, stoichiometry and lipid compositions of pelagic compartments.

  4. Probably due to its very poor content of labile compounds, the presence of S1 at the bottom of the mesocosms did not induce changes in the biomass of seston and zooplankton. Only few changes in the stoichiometry of these compartments were observed. In contrast, S2 sediment released more phosphorus and dissolved OM into the water column than S1. As a result, the S2 treatment induced an increase in seston biomass and therefore in zooplankton biomass via herbivory.

  5. None of the sediment treatments affected the lipid composition of seston and zooplankton. Moreover, neither S1 nor S2 induced changes in the sedimentation rates, elemental and lipid compositions, and potential biodegradability of recent sediments. Our mesocosm experiment suggests that differences in the quality of lake sediments lead to moderate changes in the pelagic communities in the absence of planktivorous or omnivorous fish.

  6. Our results could partly explain the efficiency of biomanipulation for improving water quality of eutrophic lakes despite potential nutrient release from sediment.

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