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gcb12067-sup-0001-FigS1.tifimage/tif1527KFigure S1. Number of typhoons over Korea (black lines) and (a) maximum daily precipitation, and (b) maximum wind speed (red lines) for individual years during the typhoon activity. Linear regressions for individual weather characteristics during typhoon activity are shown. R, correlation coefficient between typhoon frequency and individual typhoon characteristics; R2, coefficient of determination of individual linear regressions.
gcb12067-sup-0002-FigS2.tifimage/tif660KFigure S2. Sample depth (=number of samples) for individual study areas (a) Hallasan, (b) Jirisan, and (c) Seoraksan mountains.
gcb12067-sup-0003-FigS3.tifimage/tif1506KFigure S3. Relationship between RWI (grey line) with the smoothed values (10-year running mean; black line) and detected releases (columns) on an annual timescale for individual study areas (a) Hallasan, (b) Jirisan, and (c) Seoraksan mountains. Black arrows represent major typhoons in given period, with average maximum wind speed 39.3 [m s−1] for Hallasan, 36.9 for Jirisan, and 15.7 for Seoraksan.
gcb12067-sup-0004-FigS4.tifimage/tif284KFigure S4. Positive relationship between maximum wind speed and mean value of boundary line (P < 0.05).
gcb12067-sup-0005-FigS5.tifimage/tif774KFigure S5. Relationship between percentage of trees showing release (blue columns) and (a) maximum hourly precipitation (P < 0.05), and (b) maximum wind speed (nonsignificant) represented by green lines. R, correlation coefficient between proportion of trees showing release and individual weather characteristics during typhoon activity.
gcb12067-sup-0006-FigS6.tifimage/tif579KFigure S6. Disturbance chronology demonstrating the distribution of trees showing release for the time span where the number of trees is >10. Increasing trend for release events from the end of the 19th century is shown for all sites. R2, coefficient of determination for these trends.

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