Primary Research Article
Urbanization and its effects on personality traits: a result of microevolution or phenotypic plasticity?
Version of Record online: 19 JUN 2013
© 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Global Change Biology
Volume 19, Issue 9, pages 2634–2644, September 2013
How to Cite
Miranda, A. C., Schielzeth, H., Sonntag, T. and Partecke, J. (2013), Urbanization and its effects on personality traits: a result of microevolution or phenotypic plasticity?. Global Change Biology, 19: 2634–2644. doi: 10.1111/gcb.12258
- Issue online: 6 AUG 2013
- Version of Record online: 19 JUN 2013
- Accepted manuscript online: 17 MAY 2013 01:25AM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 18 APR 2013
- Manuscript Received: 8 FEB 2013
- Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia. Grant Number: SFRH/BD/44740/2008
- Volkswagen Foundation (Initiative Evolutionary Biology). Grant Numbers: Grant SCHI 1188/1-1, Grant SCHI 1188/1-1
Data S1. Literature search terms and description of included behavioural categories
Figure S1. (a) Novel objects used for each trial of the neophilia tests; (b) novel objects used for each trial of the neophobia tests; (c) an individual home cage: the novel objects were placed on a perch in the middle of the cage (A) for the neophilia test and on a perch in front of the feeder (B) for the neophobia test.
Table S1. Full model slope estimates and Markov chain Monte Carlo based P-values for the fixed effects in linear mixed-effects models for neophilia and neophobia (control day, first experimental day, and second experimental day). The intercept represents rural females in trial 3 (the reference levels), while the other estimates represent treatment contrasts. T1, T2, and ♂ represent trial 1, trial 2, and males respectively.
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