Advertisement
  • Open Access

Enzymatic saccharification of cornstalk by onsite cellulases produced by Trichoderma viride for enhanced biohydrogen production

Authors


Correspondence: Guang-Li Cao, Nan-Qi Ren, tel. + 86 28 20 08/86 40 26 95; fax + 86 451 86 28 20 08/86 451 86 40 26 95; e-mails: rnq@hit.edu.cn; glcao1980@yahoo.com.cn

Abstract

Lignocellulosic biomass, if properly saccharified, could be an ideal feedstock for biohydrogen production. However, the high cellulases cost is the key obstacle to its development. In this work, cost-effective enzyme produced by Trichoderma viride was used to saccharify cornstalk. To obtain high sugar yield, a central composite design of response surface method was used to optimize enzymatic saccharification process. Experimental results showed that the enzymatic saccharification rate reached the highest of 81.2% when pH, temperature, cellulases and substrate concentration were 5, 49.7 °C, 35.7 IU g−1, and 38.5 g L−1, respectively. The cornstalk hydrolysate was subsequently introduced to fermentation by Thermoanaerobacterium thermosaccharolyticum W16, the yield of hydrogen reached the highest level of 90.6 ml H2 g−1 pretreated cornstalk. The present results indicate the potential of using T. thermosaccharolyticum W16 for high yield conversion of cornstalk hydrolysate, which was saccharified by onsite enzyme produced by T. viride.

Ancillary